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organization theory

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administrative theory

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

An early form of organization theory, pioneered mainly by Henri Fayol (1841–1925), which was concerned principally with achieving the ‘most rational’ organization for co-ordinating the...

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bounded rationality

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The argument that there is a finite limit to the amount of information the human brain can hold and process. Teamwork and computers can vastly increase the amount of information that can be...

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compliance

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

The organizational sociologist Amitai Etzioni distinguished three means by which organizations (see organization theory) could secure compliance from their members—essentially three types...

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division of labour

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

Is the extent to which jobs in an organization are subdivided into separate tasks. [See scientific management, Fordism, and job redesign.]

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formal structure

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A term first used by the human relations movement for the managerial blueprint, organizational chart, or chain of authority and communication in an organization. It may be contrasted with...

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goals-displacement

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

The substitution by an organization, of the goal or goals which it was established to serve, for other goals. The latter frequently serve the interests of employees. First noted by Robert...

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plural societies

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

Societies which are divided into different linguistic, ethnic, religious, or racial groups and communities. Arguably, this description could apply to almost any society, with the result...

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power

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences.

Strength in arranging the terms of one's dealing with other firms or people. See also bargaining power; countervailing power; monopoly power.

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rational choice theory

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A theory in criminology which holds that offenders make rational decisions to seek advantage for themselves by criminal behaviour.

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satisficing

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Psychology.

A decision making procedure or cognitive heuristic that entails searching through the available options just long enough to find one that reaches a preset threshold of acceptability, first...

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