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Otto IV

(c. 1174—1218)

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battle of Bouvines

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(1214).

On 27 July the French King Philip Augustus secured Capetian mastery in northern France by decisively defeating an enemy coalition led by Otto IV of Germany at Bouvines, 9...

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Battle of Wassenberg

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The battle of Wassenberg, on 27 July 1206, was an important turning point in the conflict between the rival pretenders to the German throne, Otto IV of the Welfs and ...

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Donation of Constantine

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A famous medieval forgery, probably composed around the year 750. The Donation of Constantine claimed to record a gift from Emperor Constantine I (d. 337) to Pope Silvester I, made ...

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Frederick II

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(Roman emperor) (1194–1250) King of Sicily, emperor, and king of Jerusalem, Frederick was heir to the greatness and turmoil of the Hohenstaufen dynasty.

Born in Sicily and crowned...

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Gervase of Tilbury

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. c.1220) Courtier of Otto IV,

to whom he dedicated Otia imperialia (1209–14), a historical compilation including biblical narrative, world geography, and folkloric tales. He...

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Guelph

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A member of one of two great factions in Italian medieval politics, traditionally supporting the Pope against the Holy Roman emperor (supported by the Ghibellines). The name comes through...

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Hermann of Thuringia

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(r. 1190–1217)

The landgrave was a patron of poetry, art, and architecture. A shrewd politician, he aligned himself alternately with the Guelphs and the Hohenstaufen king. See alsonull...

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Hohenstaufen

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — World History.

A German dynastic family, some of whom ruled as Holy Roman emperors between 1138 and 1254, among them Frederick I (Barbarossa).

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Innocent III

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(1160/61–1216),

Pope from 1198. In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory...

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Ottenton

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

Term given to a group of six political Sprüche (see Spruch) by Walther von der Vogelweide, supporting Otto IV in his conflict with the papacy. Three are addressed to the Emperor and three...

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