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Ai Khanoum

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Greek Hellenistic city excavated (1965–78) by the French archaeological delegation in Afghanistan, is situated in the eastern part of Bactria, at the junction of the river Oxus (mod. Amu...

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Amu Darya

Overview page.

A river of central Asia, rising in the Pamirs and flowing into the Aral Sea, which in classical times was known as the Oxus.

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Araxes

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Properly the Armenian river now called Aras, Ras, or Yerash, rising in Bin Geul Dağ, then flowing eastwards across Erzerum and the Mogan Steppe. Until ad 1897 it joined the ...

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Bactria

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

An ancient country in central Asia, corresponding to the northern part of modern Afghanistan. Traditionally the home of Zoroaster, it was the seat of a powerful Indo-Greek kingdom in the...

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Caspian Sea

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History.

Named after the ancient Caspii who lived on its southwestern shores, the Caspian is the world’s largest inland body of water. Geographically it is a lake, but it is big ...

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Demetrius II

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Graeco-Bactrian king c. 145–140 bc. Probably a son of Demetrius (8) I, his coins replace the Heracles types of Euthydemus (2) I, Euthydemus (3) II, and Demetrius I with Athena ...

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Oxus treasure

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A rich hoard of gold and silver objects of 5th- and 4th-cent. bc date, found on or near the river Oxus in 1877 and mostly now in the British Museum. ...

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Patrocles

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Greek commander at Babylon after 312 bc under Seleucus (1) I, whom he assisted against Demetrius (4). Under Seleucus and Antiochus (1) I, he governed lands from the Caspian towards ...

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