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Buen Retiro

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

A porcelain factory in Buen Retiro park, Madrid, founded in 1759 by Charles III when he acceded to the Spanish throne. All equipment, materials, and craftsmen were brought from the...

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firing

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

The process of heating a ceramic body in a kiln to harden it, fuse the components, and to melt the applied glaze so that it vitrifies to the surface. It can take several firings at...

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frit

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

The mixture of ingredients used to make glass, including calcined sand. The term is also used for the paste that soft-paste porcelain is made from.

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mould

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

A cavity, usually made of plaster of Paris, but sometimes gypsum, clay, rubber, or metal, in which a fluid clay, paste, or other malleable substance is given form.

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Naples porcelain

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

A porcelain factory was founded in Naples in 1771 by Ferdinand IV. It used a similar paste to that utilized at the earlier Capodimonte factory and employed some of the same workmen. By the...

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porcelain

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

[Ma]

A fine form of pottery which is fired to a very high temperature in order to vitrify the clay.

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Wedgwood

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

English firm of ceramic manufacturers. It was founded in 1759 by Josiah Wedgwood (bapt Burslem, Staffs, 12 July 1730; d Burslem, 3 Jan 1795) and was to become one of ...

See overview in Oxford Index