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Javier Pérez de Cuéllar

(b. 1920)

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El Salvador

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

The smallest Central American country, situated on the Pacific coast. Only some 80 km (50 miles) wide, it is bounded on three sides by Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua and has a 258-km...

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Iran-Iraq War

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — History.

(1980–88)

A border dispute between Iran and Iraq, which developed into a major war. In 1980 President Saddam Hussein of Iraq abrogated the 1975 agreement granting Iran some 518 sq...

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Kurt Waldheim

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 21 Dec. 1918).

President of Austria 1986–91 Born near Vienna, he attended the university there before and after World War II, in which he served as a young staff officer on the...

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Peru

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A country on the Pacific coast of South America, bounded by Ecuador and Colombia on the north, Brazil and Bolivia on the east, and Chile on the south.

Physical.

The...

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United Nations

Overview page. Subjects: History.

(UN)

An international organization of countries that was established in 1945 with 51 members, which by July 2000 had expanded to 188 members. Its purpose is ‘to preserve peace...

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UNO

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(United Nations Organization, or UN)

Overview

After the failure of the League of Nations to prevent the crises of the 1930s which culminated in World War II, the major...

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