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phospholipase

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ADP-ribosylation factor

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

A protein that acts as activator for ADP‐ribosyltransferase.

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ammodytoxins

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

(atx)

Toxins (atx-A, -B, -C, ammodytin L) found in the venom of the southern European viper Vipera ammodytes. They are secreted phospholipases A2 (122 aa) that act presynaptically...

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bungarotoxin

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Chemistry.

Neurotoxins from the venom of the multibanded krait Bungarus multicinctus. α-Bungarotoxin (74 aa) binds to the α subunits of the postsynaptic nicotinic acetycholine receptors (nAChR)...

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deteriosome

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

A microvesicle that is found in eukaryotic cells and is rich in phospholipase A2 (see phospholipase). It is believed to represent a stage in membrane degradation.

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fibroblast growth factor receptor

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

A family of tyrosine kinase receptors sharing a common protein structure. Binding of FGF to the receptor results in activation of the tyrosine kinase signalling pathways for cell...

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G protein

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Biological Sciences.

Any one of a group of proteins that relay signals in mammalian cells (see signal transduction). They occur on the inner surface of the plasma membrane and transmit signals from receptors on...

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infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A neurodegenerative disease, characterized by axonal swelling and spheroid bodies in the central nervous system, caused, in many cases, by mutation in the gene for phospholipase A2-G6....

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inositol

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Medicine and Health.

n. a compound, similar to a hexose sugar, that is a constituent of some cell phospholipids. Inositol is present in many foods, in particular in the bran of cereal grain. It is...

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inositol phosphate

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry.

Any phosphoric ester of an inositol, but normally referring to the esters of myo‐inositol (abbr.: Ins). Of particular interest are those formed by the hydrolysis of membrane...

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lecithinase

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Chemistry.

n. an enzyme from the small intestine that breaks lecithin down into glycerol, fatty acids, phosphoric acid, and choline.

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