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prajña

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adhiprajñā

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt.; Pāli, adhipaññā). Literally, ‘higher understanding’. The doctrinal training undertaken by those following the Eightfold Path. It relates particularly to the third of the three...

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apratisaṃkhyā-nirodha

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt.). A state of trance known as ‘unconscious cessation’ that arises during meditation but which is uninformed by insight (prajñā). In the Abhidharmic systems of the Sarvāstivāda...

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apratiṣṠha-nirvāṇa

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt.). Literally, ‘unlocalized nirvāṇa’. The Mahāyāna concept of the ideal state of nirvāṇa. It is said to be ‘unlocalized’ because in this state a Buddha does not dwell exclusively in...

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Avalokiteśvara

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Skt.; Tib., spyan-ras-gzigs; Chin, Kuan-yin; Jap., Kannon or Kwannon).

One of the eight great Bodhisattvas.and one whose activities especially involve the active practice of...

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bala

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt., Pāli).

The five powers developed in Buddhism by the strengthening of the five roots (indriya), which lead to enlightenment.

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bhūmi

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt.). ‘Level’, a term denoting one of a series of stages of spiritual development. Most schools of Buddhism recognize a hierarchical scheme of stages which are passed through, beginning...

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Bodhicaryāvatāra

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Entering upon the Practice of Awakening).

A practical work by Śantideva on the Buddhist six perfections (pāramitā), which include, as the fifth, jhāna (meditation). Of Śantideva,...

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bodhicitta

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Skt., thought of awakening).

A key term in Mahāyāna Buddhism denoting the state of mind of a Boddhisattva. Two aspects are recognized: the relative aspect (see saṃvṛti-satya), or...

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Buddhakula

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt., ‘buddha-family’).

The five basic qualities found in the Mahāyāna buddhas. The five qualities are different aspects of prajña (wisdom).

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caitta

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Skt.). Term in Buddhist psychology (being a later form of caitasika) denoting derivative mental states or functions of the mind (citta). Lists of these, derived from the sūtras and...

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