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Ruhr Valley

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Adolf Eichmann

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1906–1962)

German Nazi leader responsible for carrying out Hitler's final solution to the Jewish problem.

Born in Solingen in the Rhineland, Eichmann grew up in Linz. He...

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appeasement

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

A policy of giving in to hostile demands of another nation to avoid war, primarily associated with British and increasingly also with French foreign policy between the two World Wars. From...

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Édouard Herriot

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

(b. Troyes, 5 July 1872; d. Lyons, 26 Mar. 1957)

French; Prime Minister 1924–5, 1932–3, President of the National Assembly 1936–40, 1941–55 Edouard Herriot was, like his rival for...

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Enabling Law

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

The law passed in Germany in 1933 that granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers.

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Ferdinand Foch

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Military History.

(1851–1929)

French general. He strongly supported the use of offensive warfare, which resulted in many of his 20th Corps being killed by German machine guns in August 1914. He...

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Gustav Stresemann

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(b. Berlin, 10 May 1878; d. Berlin, 3 Oct. 1929)

German; Chancellor 1923, Foreign Minister 1923–9 Stresemann was the youngest member elected to the Reichstag in 1908 but, although...

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Paris Peace Conference

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1919–20)

Overview

A congress attended by the participant powers of World War I, which led to the imposition of five peace treaties on the defeated Central Powers in the...

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Raymond Poincaré

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

(b. 20 Aug. 1860, d. 15 Oct. 1934).

President of France 1913–20; Prime Minister 1912–13, 1922–4, 1926–9 A member of the Chamber of Deputies 1887–1903, he was a Senator 1903–13, and...

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reparations

Overview page. Subjects: Law.

Pl. n. (in international law)

1 Compensation for injuries or international torts (breaches of international obligations). Whenever possible, international courts or...

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World War II

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — History.

(1939–45)

A war fought between the Axis Powers and the Allies, including Britain, the Soviet Union, and the USA. Having secretly rearmed Germany, Hitler occupied (1936) the...

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