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John Brown Russwurm

(1799—1851)

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American Colonization Society

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

Founded in the USA in 1817 in order to resettle in Africa free‐born Africans and emancipated slaves. In 1821 the society bought the site of the future Monrovia, Liberia, which it controlled...

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Antislavery Press

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

On 1 January 1831, in Boston, Massachusetts, William Lloyd Garrison launched his weekly antislavery newspaper, the Liberator, and a new phase in the history of the antislavery press was...

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Black Press

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

The oppressed black communities of the antebellum North produced a variety of published materials. Benjamin Banneker's almanac was one of the earliest black periodicals. In the years...

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Christian Recorder

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

The Christian Recorder, which began publication in Philadelphia in July 1852, was not the first African American newspaper; nevertheless, it was an important milestone in the history of...

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Confessions of Nat Turner

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

Novel by William Styron, published in 1967 and awarded a Pulitzer Prize. It stirred much controversy, mainly from blacks, who considered the interpretation of Turner to be inaccurate.

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Free African Americans to 1828

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

Before the American Revolution only very small numbers of blacks gained freedom from slavery. In New Amsterdam in 1644 the first eleven slaves were able to negotiate with the Dutch ...

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Freedom's Journal

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

Freedom's Journal, published in New York City from 1827 to 1829, was the first African American newspaper in U.S. history. The newspaper employed sales agents from Washington,...

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James Varick

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

(b. c. 1750; d. 22 July 1827), the founder and first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.

Although historians have not verified his birth date, most agree that ...

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Samuel Cornish

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Literature.

(1795–1858), evangelist, educator, social activist, journalist, and editor of America's first African American newspaper.

Samuel E. Cornish's many antebellum social, religious, and...

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Thomas Paul

Overview page. Subjects: United States History.

(b. 3 September 1773; d. 13 April 1831), pioneering black Baptist minister and missionary.

Born in Exeter, New Hampshire, Paul was the son of a black Revolutionary War veteran. In...

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