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Adam of Wodeham

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(c.1298–1358)

Adam of Wodeham was an English Franciscan, who was born around 1298 and died in 1358. Although he was undoubtedly one of the greatest thinkers of his time,...

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Albert the Great

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

(1200–80),

Dominican friar and bishop. A Swabian by birth, Albert joined the Dominicans at Padua in 1223 against the wishes of his noble family. After teaching at Hildesheim,...

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Alexander of Hales

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(c.1185–1245)

Influential Franciscan theologian and writer on logic, known as ‘Doctor Irrefragabilis’ (irrefutable doctor). Alexander taught the independence of theology, based on...

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Alexander V

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(c.1339–1410),

Pope from 1409. Peter of Candia (Crete) became a Franciscan and lectured at Paris; from 1386 he held a succession of bishoprics. At the Council of Pisa he was...

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articles of faith

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(ikkarim, Heb., ‘roots’).

Formulations of Jewish belief. These are not as important as are creeds in Christianity, since every person born of a Jewish mother is automatically a Jew...

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auctoritates

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

In the Middle Ages, auctoritates (authorities) were texts recognised as worthy of credit because they gave clear witness to the truth. Holy Scripture was the auctoritas par excellence, as...

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Augustine of Ancona

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1270–1328)

Augustinus Triumphus, a native of Ancona, Hermit of St Augustine, studied at Paris from 1297 to 1300; he later commented on Lombard's Book of Sentences before becoming...

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Augustinianism

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

St Augustine of Hippo was indisputably the greatest authority after the Bible in the history of Christian thought in the western MA. Indeed, his influence was omnipresent in all areas ...

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Bombolognus of Bologna

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. 1279×91)

*Dominican, lector principalis in the studium generale of Bologna, he wrote on logic and completed a commentary on the Sentences. He opposed Thomas Aquinas, whose...

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capital sins

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

When the popular expression “capital sins” appeared in the 1270s, it designated seven terms that were the same as the “vices” of the theologians. They were pride, envy, anger, accidie ...

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