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Shingon sect

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ajari

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(Jap.). Term deriving from the Sanskrit word ācārya and meaning a senior monk who is qualified to take disciples, teach novices, and conduct ordinations. In Japan.such monks might also...

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Amoghavajra

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(705–74).

A native of south India.Amoghavajra is considered the sixth patriarch of esoteric Buddhism in China. He was also a prolific translator. He became a Buddhist novice at the...

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Buddhism in Japan

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

The dominant religious tradition of Japan, Buddhism first entered Japan c.5th or 6th cent. ce, from the Chinese mainland (traditionally in 538 from Korea). Initially, a few powerful clans...

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Daikoku

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

1 The Hindu god of the Five Grains and of good fortune, who was imported into Japanese Buddhism as a guardian deity.

2 A Japanese Buddhist priest's wife.

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Dainichi

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Jap.; Skt., Mahāvairocana).

The cosmic Buddha of Shingon or esoteric Buddhism. All phenomena point to the reality of Dainichi, and at the same time they are all manifestations of...

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dhyāni-Buddhas

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Skt.). ‘Meditation Buddhas’, in the sense of Buddhas seen in meditation or used as a subject of meditation practice. It is a generally obsolete term invented and formerly used by Western...

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Dōshō

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

(629–700).

Japanese Buddhist monk who founded the Hossō school. Hossō is ‘the dharma-characteristics’ school: it maintained that all appearances are reducible to the...

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esoteric Buddhism

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

A general term for certain Buddhist schools and practices originally developing in parallel with Hindu (see Hinduism) tantra with mutual influence at a later stage. It is distinguished from...

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Fudō

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Jap., ‘immoveable’).

One of the deities, in Japanese Buddhism and folk-religion, who protects Buddhism and its true adherents, or simply, those who appeal to him. These protective...

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Fuke school

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism.

An independent zen school in Japan that traces its lineage to the T'ang dynasty Chinese monk P'u-hua (whose name in Japanese pronunciation, Fuke, gives the school its name). However, the...

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