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social organization

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dominance

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

1 The possession of high social status within an animal group that exhibits social organization; it is often achieved and sustained by aggression toward inferior individuals....

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freedmen

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Classical Studies.

 Emancipated slaves were more prominent in Roman society than in Greek city‐states or Hellenistic kingdoms (see slavery). Lat. lībertus/a designates the ex‐slave in relation to former owner...

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gregariousness

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

The tendency of animals to form groups which possess a social organization (e.g. schools of fish, herds of mammals, flocks of birds). Compare aggregation.

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herding

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

The formation by mammals of groups of individuals that have a social organization. Usually the term is restricted to the behaviour of large herbivores.

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hierarchy

Overview page. Subjects: Biological Sciences.

A type of social organization in which individuals are ranked according to their status or dominance relative to other group members. This affects their behaviour in various ways, e.g. by...

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mating system

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

In artificial selection, a procedure that is used to control the genetic constitution of offspring (usually the degree of homozygosity due to inbreeding). Mating may be assortative (i.e....

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metics

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

As the Greek polis evolved, it sought to differentiate, amongst its inhabitants, between insiders and outsiders. Insiders par excellence were its own members, the citizens; palpable...

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Numa-Denys Fustel de Coulanges

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1830–1889),

French historian and classicist. After studies at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris and archaeological work on the Greek island of Chios, Numa-Denys Fustel de...

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patrician

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Formed a privileged class of Roman citizens. The word is probably connected with patrēs (‘Fathers’), a formal collective term for patrician senators (see senate). In the republican period...

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patronage

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

The provision of financial or other material assistance to a writer by a wealthy person or public institution, in return for entertainment, prestige, or homage. Dr Johnson defined a patron...

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