social democracy

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Australian political thought

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

A long tradition of commentary claims that Australia has not produced thinkers concerned with the theoretical dimensions of politics. This is true to the extent that there have been...

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Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

A concept of a political economic system in which economic decisions are achieved through negotiation between centralized corporate bodies representing interest groups. In particular, under...

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democratic socialism

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

In general, a label for any person or group who advocates the pursuit of socialism by democratic means. Used especially by parliamentary socialists who put parliamentarism ahead of...

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Overview page. Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History — Social Sciences.

A social doctrine that emphasizes the goal of equality among all members of a society—or, indeed, all humanity. Eighteenth-century Enlightenment thinkers closely linked egalitarianism to...

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Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Social Sciences.

The political and economic theories of the German political philosopher and economists Karl Marx (1818–83) and Friedrich Engels (1820–95), later developed by their followers to form the...

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Overview page. Subjects: History — Social Sciences.

The political ideology and program of the National Socialist German Workers Party—better known as the Nazi party. The Nazi party was founded in 1919 in partial emulation of the Italian ...


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Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences.

Political ideas, movements, and parties of a conservative or reactionary character. Following the example of the nobility at the time of the French Revolution (1789), members of legislative...

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social market

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

The phrase ‘social market economy’ gained currency at about the time of the foundation of the Social Democratic Party in the UK in 1981 (see social democracy). It was intended to denote an...

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Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

An economic system in which the means of production are controlled by the state. Also known as socialist economy. Contrast capitalism. See also marxism.

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socialist parties

Overview page. Subjects: Politics.

Socialist candidates and election programmes pre‐dated socialist parties. The British Labour Party was founded in 1900 as the Labour Representation Committee, one of its components being...

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