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Straton

(d. 269 bc)

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Alexander of Aphrodisias

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(fl. 3rd c. ad)

Peripatetic philosopher. Alexander began lecturing at Athens around 200. He was an Aristotelian, singularly free from the mystical religious Platonism...

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Aristarchus of Samos

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Classical Studies.

(c.320 bc–c.250 bc) Greek astronomer

Little is known of the life of Aristarchus, but Archimedes reported that Aristarchus had proposed that, while the Sun and the fixed stars are...

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Ariston

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(RE 52)

of Ceos, Peripatetic, probably succeeded Lyco as head of the Lyceum c.225 bc. Diogenes (6) Laertius appears to have derived from him the wills of Aristotle and his ...

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Asclepiades

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(RE 39),

of Prusias ad Mare in Bithynia, physician. He spent at least some of his career in Rome, and died sometime in the 1st cent. bc. He is best ...

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Lyco

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(RE 14) (c. 300/298–c. 226/4 bc),

son of Astyanax of Troas, pupil of Straton (1) of Lampsacus and his successor as head of the Peripatetic school, which he directed for ...

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Peripatetic school

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

The school founded by Aristotle in Athens in 336 bc, supposedly named after the peripatos or covered walk in the garden of the Lyceum, where he lectured. Apart from Aristotle its important...

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physics

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

functioning as sing. the branch of science concerned with the properties of matter and of energy, and with the interactions and interconversions between matter and energy.

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pneumatics

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

In ancient contexts, suggests the fusion of the theoretical study of the properties of air (pneuma) with its practical applications. (It might be more accurate to say ‘fluids’ generally...

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Stratonician presumption

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

The presumption voiced by Strato of Lampsacus that the burden of proof lies not on the atheist, but on those who want to maintain the existence of a deity with some particular cluster of...

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Theophrastus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(c. 372 bc–287 bc) Greek botanist and philosopher

Theophrastus, who was born at Eresus on Lesbos (now in Greece), attended the Academy at Athens as a pupil of Plato. After Plato's...

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