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carteolol

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

n. a beta blocker used as eye drops in the treatment of glaucoma; side-effects may include local stinging and burning. Trade name: Teoptic.

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chloramphenicol

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Science and Mathematics.

One of the early broad-spectrum antibiotics, used extensively in the late 1950s until its bone marrow toxicity was recognized. Despite this it remains a treatment of choice for some...

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disinfection, full mouth

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

The process of removing all pathogenic bacteria from the mouth within a short space of time to reduce the risk of re-infection of treated periodontitis-affected sites. It involves complete...

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gentamicin

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

*Aminoglycoside antibiotics produced by Gram-positive Micromonospora spp., and effective against Gram-negative bacteria although there is a risk of nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity,...

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haemorrhoids

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

(piles) pl. n. enlargement of the normal spongy blood-filled cushions in the wall of the anus (internal haemorrhoids), usually a consequence of prolonged constipation or, less often,...

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levobunolol

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

n. a beta blocker used as eye drops in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma; it reduces intraocular pressure, probably by reducing the rate of production of aqueous humour....

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local anaesthetics

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A drug that temporarily blocks the passage of nerve impulses, removing the sensation of pain when applied locally to nerve tissue.

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psoriasis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A chronic inflammatory skin disease in which there is epidermal hyperplasia in areas of variable extent; it may also be associated with severe arthritis. There is T-cell involvement and a...

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salicylates

Overview page. Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Drugs that are salts of salicylic acid. Many have anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic and analgesic effects similar to aspirin (see acetylsalicylic acid), and are used in the treatment of...

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sclerosis

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

Abnormal hardening of tissue. But see amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Balo's concentric sclerosis; multiple sclerosis; Schilder's disease; scleroderma; tuberous sclerosis.

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