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Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham

Overview page. Subjects: History.

(1883–1963)

British admiral. At the beginning of World War II he was commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean. Here he was faced with an Italian fleet that was numerically superior...

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battle for the Mediterranean

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

War spread to the Mediterranean basin on 10 June 1940 when Italy declared war on the UK and France (see Maps 2 and 68). Mussolini, who nursed a jealousy of ...

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carriers

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

1. Design and development

Before the Second World War, aircraft carrier design was driven by naval aircraft characteristics and by the constraints of the 1922 Treaty for the...

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Comando Supremo

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Common term for the Italian High Command, properly called Stato Maggiore Generale (STAMAGE), the Supreme General Staff. Marshal Badoglio headed STAMAGE from its inception in June 1925 until...

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Pearl Harbor

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

A harbour on the Pacific island of Oahu, in Hawaii, the site of a major US naval base, where a surprise attack on 7 December 1941 by Japanese carrier-borne aircraft, inflicted heavy damage...

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Prince of Wales and Repulse sinking of

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

(see Map 66). In an attempt to deter Japan from entering the war, this British battleship and battle-cruiser were sent to Singapore in October 1941. The carrier Indomitable should have ...

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sea power

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

A country's naval strength, especially as a weapon of war.

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torpedoes

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The name derives from a species of electric fish and was originally applied to mines. Propelled torpedoes were first demonstrated in 1866 by Robert Whitehead in the United Kingdom. His ...

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