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Theodoret

(c. 393—466)

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Antioch

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

A city in southern Turkey which was the ancient capital of Syria under the Seleucid kings, who founded it c.300 bc.

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Antiochene School

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A conventional designation for a group of theologians (Diodoros of Tarsos, Theodore of Mopsuestia, John Chrysostom, Theodoret of Cyrrhus) active mainly in Syria in the 4th and 5th C. Unlike...

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Antiochene theology

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church at Antioch, contrasted with Alexandrine theology. In scriptural exegesis it placed more emphasis on the literal and...

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Arius

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(d. 336), heresiarch.

Probably born in Libya between c.260 and 280, he was ordained in Alexandria and put in charge of one of the main churches there. About 319 he came forward as...

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artist

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Art.

In the MA the artist, or better artifex (‘artificer’), was most frequently considered a practitioner of the mechanical arts. Inextricably linked to his manual activities, he was viewed as a...

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Baruch

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

The scribe of the prophet Jeremiah; he was sent by his master to read Jeremiah's prophecies in the Temple, against the king's wishes. Baruch is also the name of a book of the Apocrypha,...

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Cassiodorus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Politician, writer, and monk (c. ad 490–c.585). His Bruttian family had a tradition of provincial leadership and official service. He assisted his father, praetorian prefect of Italy,...

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catena

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

(Lat., ‘chain’).

A word applied to the biblical commentaries dating from the 5th cent. onwards, in which the successive verses of the scriptural text were elucidated by ‘chains’...

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chrism

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

A mixture of oil and balsam, consecrated and used for anointing at baptism and other rites of the Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican Churches. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes...

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Constantinople

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The former name for Istanbul from ad 330 (when it was given its name by Constantine the Great) to the capture of the city by the Turks in 1453. Constantinople is the anglicized form of Cons...

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