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Theramenes

(d. 404 bc)

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Clēophon

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Athenian politician, d. 404 bc. He is represented as a lyre‐maker, and his mother was alleged to be Thracian (see thrace). He was already a public figure at the time of the ostracism of...

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Critias

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(c.460–403 bc),

one of the Thirty Tyrants at Athens. Born of a rich old family to which Plato also belonged, he, like his close friend Alcibiades, was an associate of Socrates. He...

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Four Hundred

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A revolutionary oligarchic council set up to rule Athens in 411 bc. The movement started in the fleet at Samos in summer 412, when Alcibiades offered to win Persian help for Athens if an...

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Isocrates

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(436–338bc)

Greek philosopher and follower of Socrates. An important source for knowledge of fourth-century Greece, Isocrates was an orator and teacher of rhetoric, and known...

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patrios politeia

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

‘ancestral constitution (or way of life)’, slogan apparently used in the late 5th cent. bc at Athens by proponents of oligarchy, as a reassuring but fraudulent way of justifying...

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probouloi

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(πρόβουλοι) was a name used for officials in various Greek states. In Athens probouloi were appointed in 413 bc. They were ten men over 40 years of age, including Sophocles ...

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Thirty Tyrants

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Upon Athens' defeat in the Peloponnesian War (April 404 bc) Spartan support gave Athenian oligarchs the upper hand. Under the peace terms imposed by Lysander 30 men were chosen to run the...

See overview in Oxford Index