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Alexis

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

c.375–c.275bc,

poet of Middle and New Comedy, born at Thurii in south Italy (Suda α 1138), but apparently living most of his long life in Athens. He wrote 245 plays...

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Brundisium

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

A Messapian city on the Adriatic coast, and an important harbour. In 244 bc, a Latin colony (see ius latii) was founded there, and the via Appia was extended from Tarentum to Brundisium....

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Dionysius Chalcus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(RE 97)

(ὁ Χαλκοῦ̑ς, so called after recommending bronze currency to Athens), Athenian orator and poet who led the colonizing expedition to Thurii (443 bc). His highly-wrought...

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Empedocles

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(c. 493–c. 433 bc),

Greek philosopher, born in Sicily. He taught that the universe is composed of fire, air, water, and earth, which mingle and separate under the influence of the...

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Fabricius Luscinus, Gaius

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(RE 9)

consul in 282, 278 bc, censor in 275, on each occasion with Q. Aemilius Papus. In 282 he rescued Thurii from Sabellian besiegers and triumphed for successes against ...

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Greek Land

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

The Greek countryside was much less forested in antiquity than it is today, and at least half of the landscape was dominated by rocky, sloping scrublands consisting of woody shrubs ...

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Herodotus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(5th century bc),

Greek historian. Known as ‘the Father of History’. He was the first historian to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent,...

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Hippodamus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(fl. c.500–440 bc).

Greek architect and town-planner, he proposed that the layout of a town could express social order, be rational and geometrically clear, and employ...

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Lysias

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

Attic orator, d. c.380 bc. His work is discussed in Plato's Phaedrus; in Plato's Republic, his father Cephalus is an elderly Syracusan, resident as a metic in Athens, and friend of assorted...

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Magna Graecia

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

The coastal region of Italy colonized by the Greeks. Ancient sources use the term to refer to southern Italy—usually from Cumae and Tarentum southwards, and sometimes including Sicily. The...

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