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zoological Gardens

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Acclimatisation societies

Overview page. Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History.

Were established in several Australian colonies in the mid-nineteenth century to colonise the indigenous Australian environment with exotic flora and fauna. Advocates of acclimatisation...

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botanical garden

Overview page. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A facility in which trees and shrubs are cultivated for exhibition, or preserved for conservation or reintroduction, as part of a living collection. See also zoo.

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captive breeding

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

The breeding and raising of endangered species of animals in captivity (for example, in a zoo), where they can be protected and cared for, as part of a living collection, before being...

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ex situ

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

Outside, off site, or away from the natural location. For example, biological material which is in a laboratory, collection, botanical garden, zoo, or aquarium. Also known as off‐site....

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fauna

Overview page. Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE).

All the animal life normally present in a given habitat at a given time. See also macrofauna; microfauna. Compare flora.

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living collection

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

An approach to the conservation of biodiversity that is based on using off‐site methods (such as zoos, botanical gardens, arboretums, and captive breeding programmes) to protect and...

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popularization

Overview page. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945).

To speak of the popularization of the Enlightenment implies first, the interlocking of sets of ideas, attitudes, and values that can be identified as characteristic of the Enlightenment,...

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species survival plan

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science.

A captive breeding programme, usually within a zoo or aquarium, that is designed to aid the recovery of a particular species by breeding a healthy, genetically diverse, and self‐sustaining...

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