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Bharatiya Janata Party

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Atal Behari Vajpayee

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1924– )

Indian politician, Prime Minister for 13 days in 1996 and again from 1998 to 2004 as head of a Bharatiya Janata Party-led coalition. During this time India provoked...

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Congress Party

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

The Congress Party developed out of the Indian National Congress (founded 1885) and has been the dominant force in Indian politics for most of the period since Independence (1947). The...

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Hindu Mahasabha

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Hinduism.

A Hindu communal organization. It was first established in the Punjab before 1914, and became active during the 1920s under the leadership of Pandit Mohan Malaviya (1861–1946) and Lala...

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Indian National Congress

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

The principal Indian political party. It was founded in 1885 as an annual meeting of educated Indians desiring a greater share in government in cooperation with Britain. Later, divisions...

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Indira Gandhi

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1917–1984)

Indian prime minister (1966–77; 1980–84). Regarded as the strong-willed matriarch of India, Mrs Gandhi dominated her country's affairs both nationally and...

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Janatā Party

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

Indian political organization. A grouping of mostly right‐wing Hindu political parties, it was based upon the Jana Sangh (People's Party, founded 1951). The so‐called Janata Front was a...

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Karpātrījī Mahārāj

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

(1898–1973)

A Vaiṣṇava sādhu who, in the 1940s, founded the Rāma Rājya Pariṣad, a right-wing Hindu political party, advocating that India should become an exclusively Hindu state....

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Punjab

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Religion.

A region of NW India and Pakistan, a wide, fertile plain traversed by the Indus and the five tributaries which gave the region its name (from Hindi panj ‘five’ + āb ‘waters’).

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Shiv Sena

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

A militant Maharashtrian Hindu nationalist organization, founded in Bombay (Mumbai) by Bal Thackeray (Thakare) in 1966. Formed to oppose immigration into Maharashtra from other Indian...

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