Overview

Gonzalo Pizarro

(c. 1506—1508)

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Agustín de Zárate

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(c.1506–c.1565),

Historian of Peru who served as secretary to the Council of Castile for at least fifteen years before being sent by Charles V to Peru as a royal accountant. ...

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Cristóbal Vaca de Castro

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(c.1492–1566),

Governor of Peru. He was born into a noble family in León, and served as a court official before being sent to Peru by Charles V to settle the ...

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El Dorado

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A fictitious country (according to some, a city) abounding in gold, believed by the Spanish and by Sir Walter Raleigh to exist upon the Amazon. The origin of the belief, which led Spanish...

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exploration

Overview page. Subjects: History by Period.

The investigation of undiscovered territories. The urge to travel is as old as humanity, with the first humans probably spreading out from Africa, and possibly Asia, across the globe. The...

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Fernando Pizarro

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(fl.1530–60),

Spanish conquistador, the younger half-brother of Francisco Pizarro and the elder brother of Gonzalo Pizarro. He travelled to America with Francisco and Gonzalo in...

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Francisco Pizarro

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(c. 1478–1541)

Spanish conquistador. In 1531 he set out from Panama to conquer the Inca empire in Peru. Crossing the mountains, he defeated the Incas and in 1533 executed their...

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Orellana Francisco de

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — World History.

(1511–46),

Spanish conquistador who participated in the conquest of Peru led by Francisco Pizarro and in 1537 was given the responsibility of re-establishing the Spanish colony at...

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Pedro Cieza de León

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1518–60),

Spanish soldier and historian who participated in the conquest of Peru and later supported Pedro de la Gasca in his suppression of the rebellion of Gonzalo Pizarro. The...

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Pedro de la Gasca

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1485–1567),

Spanish inquisitor and colonial governor, educated at the universities of Alcalá and Salamanca; he pursued a career in the Church which culminated in his appointment...

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Pedro de Valdivia

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1497–53),

Spanish conqueror of Chile, born in Extremadura. He joined the imperial army and fought at the battle of Pavia (1525) before crossing the Atlantic to participate in the...

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