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Byzantine Empire

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Albania

Overview page. Subjects: History.

A small country in south‐eastern Europe, on the Adriatic coast of the Balkan Peninsula, with Montenegro, Kosovo, and Macedonia to its north and east, and Greece to its south.

Physi...

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Amalfi

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A small Italian city in Campania, clinging to the rocky slopes of its peninsula dominating the bay of Salerno, Amalfi is mentioned as a bishopric in a letter of Pope ...

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Arabic christian literature

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Each province of the Byzantine Empire conquered by the Muslims at the end of the 7th c. kept (as today) a more or less numerous Christian community, with its own ...

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Azaz, Battle near

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The successors of the Byzantine emperor Basil II (r. 976–1025) continued his “forward policy.” Romanos III Argyros (r. 1028–1034), lacking military experience, supposed that victories would...

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Basil I

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Emperor (867–86) and founder of the Macedonian dynasty; born Thrace or Macedonia 830 or 835 (E.W. Brooks, BZ 20 [1911] 486–91) or on 25 May 836 (Adontz, Etudes 67), died Constantinople 29...

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Basil II

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Military History.

(958–1025),

Byzantine emperor from 976 to 1025. Basil II’s reign, the longest of any Byzantine emperor, witnessed a number of episodes and events of enduring importance. The formal...

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Battle of Adrianople

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(1050)

The Pechenegs, Turkic-speaking nomads dominating the Black Sea steppes in the tenth century, were expert mounted archers. Under pressure from nomads from further east, they...

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Battle of Anchialos

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(708)

The western Black Sea fortress of Anchialos (present-day Pomorie, Bulgaria) played an important role in the relations between the Bulgarian khanate and the Byzantine Empire....

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Battle of Anchialos

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(917)

At this battle the Bulgarian ruler Symeon inflicted a crushing defeat on a Byzantine army on 20 August 917. Although Byzantium and Bulgaria had formally been at peace for ...

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Battle of Arcadiopolis

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(1194)

The reign of the Byzantine emperor Isaac II Angelos (r. 1185–1195) was plagued by unrest in the Balkans, further complicated by the passage of German Emperor Frederick I...

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