in The Chronicle of Seert
August 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: History of Religion; History of Christianity. 16012 words.
This chapter looks at the emergence of two ‘independent’ forms of Christian historical writing within Iraq and their eventual incorporation into the central, patriarchal tradition. The...
in Classifying Christians
February 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity. 18947 words.
This chapter looks at the ethnographic microcosms of the heretics as recounted in the heresiologists' polemical writings. It examines the heresiologists' description of heretical customs...
in Holy Fools in Byzantium and Beyond
April 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: Classical History. 6070 words.
Symeon the New Theologian, the famous Byzantine mystic of the 10th-11th centuries, outwardly criticized ‘those who pretend to be salos’ — and yet, he fiercely defended his spiritual father,...
in The Macarian Legacy
September 2004; p ublished online January 2005 .
Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity. 25795 words.
A close examination of the Macarian legacy in the work of Mark the Monk. The Chapter focuses on themes such as the Fall and its consequences, baptism, the spiritual struggle, sin and grace,...
in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire
August 1990; p ublished online April 2004 .
Chapter. Subjects: History of Christianity. 24858 words.
Starts by discussing the impending internal and external threats to the Byzantine Empire in 1025–1204, which led in the later Middle Ages to any pre‐eminence in East Mediterranean politics...
in The Philokalia
July 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 12240 words.
This chapter interprets the relation between faith and works in Mark the Ascetic and his Messalian adversaries. it shows how the Eastern Church balanced the relation between faith and works...
in The Transmission of Sin
May 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: Christian Theology. 9567 words.
This chapter shows that encratite and Messalian ideas had wide circulation in the Greek East, and exercised considerable influence even on those who more or less explicitly rejected them....
in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
January 2005; p ublished online January 2009 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Christianity. 33 words.
A leader of the *Messalians, mentioned by *Theodoret (HE 4. 11. 2), sometimes identified with the
in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
January 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Christianity. 26 words.
(5th cent.), a leader of the *Messalians, sometimes identified with the Simeon to whom some MSS attribute the