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Dion

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies.

(c.408–353).

Son of Hipparinus, Dionysius I's father-in-law. A disciple of Plato from 388/7, married Dionysius' daughter Arete and became his most trusted minister and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius, king of Rome

Tim Cornell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History. 478 words.

Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius, traditionally the last king of Rome (534–510 bce). According to the oldest sources (Q. *Fabius Pictor fr. 11 Peter) he was the son of *Tarquinius Priscus, although on the...

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Valerius Poplicola Potitus, Lucius and Horatius Barbatus, Marcus

Andrew Drummond.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History. 388 words.

Lucius Valerius Poplicola Potitus and Marcus Horatius Barbatus, were consuls in 449 bce, immediately after the Second *Decemvirate. Livy (3. 55. 3 ff.) ascribes them three laws:(1) measures passed by...

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patronage, non-literary

Nicholas Purcell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History. 886 words.

Greek and Roman society were both heavily stratified, and many forms of dependence tied people to their superiors in *wealth, power and *status. The study of these relations is a central part of...

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Etruscans

D. W. R. Ridgway.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History; Greek and Roman Archaeology. 1299 words.

Etruscans (Tyrsenoi, Tyrrheni, Etrusci), historically and artistically the most important of the indigenous peoples of pre-Roman Italy, and according to M. *Porcius Cato (1) the masters of nearly all...

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plebs

Arnaldo Momigliano and Andrew Lintott.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Roman History; Greek and Roman Law. 593 words.

Plebs, the name given to the mass of Roman citizens, as distinct from the privileged patricians, perhaps related to the Greek term for the masses, plethos. A modern hypothesis that the plebs was...

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