Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).
A pietistic mendicant sect apparently originating in Mesopotamia in the 4th cent. They spread to Syria, Asia Minor, Thrace, and Egypt, and were condemned at the Council of Ephesus in 431,...
in The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Late Antiquity. 260 words.
An allegedly heretical *ascetic group arising in 4th-century *Mesopotamia; ‘Messalianism’ became a staple of ecclesiastical condemnations for centuries. The
in Holy Fools in Byzantium and Beyond
April 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: Classical History. 6070 words.
Symeon the New Theologian, the famous Byzantine mystic of the 10th-11th centuries, outwardly criticized ‘those who pretend to be salos’ — and yet, he fiercely defended his spiritual father,...
in Wandering, Begging Monks
May 2002; p ublished online March 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World. 19830 words.
Around 377, the Messalian profile received its first detailed exposition as heretic when Bishop Epiphanius of Cyprus completed his Panarion, but the description of Epiphanius seems to have...