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sura

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

Synonymous with deva, probably on the basis that it is the opposite of asura, an ‘anti-god’ or demon in the post Ṛg Vedic understanding of the term.

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Sura

Edited by Patrick Hanks.

in Dictionary of American Family Names

January 2003; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 51 words.

1. Americanized spelling of Polish Szura, a nickname from szurać ‘to shuffle’ or from Old Polish szura ‘brotherin-law’.

2.

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Sura

Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates and Peter McClure.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

November 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 20 words.

Current frequencies: GB 172, Ireland 0 • GB frequency 1881: 0

Indian (Gujarat): Hindu (Vania) and Muslim, unexplained.

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Surabaya (Java/Indonesia)

John Everett-Heath.

in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names

P ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 124 words.

Sura ing Baya, Soerabaja

‘Hero when confronting Danger’ from the Sundanese sura ‘hero’ and baya ‘danger’; it is sometimes referred

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Ṭāha

Patrick Hanks, Kate Hardcastle and Flavia Hodges.

in A Dictionary of First Names

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 20 words.

(Arabic)

From the Arabic letters ṭa and ha, the opening letters of the twentieth sura in the Qur‘an.

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Yasīn

Patrick Hanks, Kate Hardcastle and Flavia Hodges.

in A Dictionary of First Names

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 20 words.

(Arabic)

From the Arabic letters ya and sīn, the opening letters of the thirty-sixth sura of the Qur‘an.

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Sur

Edited by Patrick Hanks.

in Dictionary of American Family Names

January 2003; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 55 words.

1. German: variant of Sauer.

2. Indian (Bengal) and Bangladeshi: Hindu name, a nickname from Sanskrit šūra ‘brave’.

3.

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Ayoub

Edited by Patrick Hanks.

in Dictionary of American Family Names

January 2003; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 95 words.

Muslim: from Arabic Ayyūb, the Arabic form of the Hebrew (Biblical) name Īyōb ‘Job’. In the suras he is regarded

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Suresh

Edited by Patrick Hanks.

in Dictionary of American Family Names

January 2003; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 70 words.

Indian (southern states): Hindu name from Sanskrit sureša ‘lord of the gods’ (from sura ‘god’ + īša ‘lord’), which is

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Surakarta (Java/Indonesia)

John Everett-Heath.

in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names

P ublished online May 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 95 words.

‘City of Heroes’ from sura ‘hero’ and karta ‘city’. In 1745 the ruler of the Javanese Empire of Mataram, King

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Surabaya (Java/Indonesia)

John Everett-Heath.

in The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names

P ublished online May 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 124 words.

‘Hero when confronting Danger’ from the Sundanese sura ‘hero’ and baya ‘danger’; it is sometimes referred to as the ‘City

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