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actual

Overview page. Subjects: Law.

In legal usage in many contexts, the actual (what occurs in fact, and may be proved as a fact) is contrasted with what is deemed or implied by operation of ...

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Possession in Roman Law

Christian Baldus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law. 7467 words.

In Roman terms, there is no real equivalent to the modern concepts of “possession”, as present-day laws use them. Possessio may describe the actual control over things that could lead to...

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Republican Civil Procedure

Ernest Metzger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law. 6682 words.

Those who study civil procedure favour traditional doctrinal research as the best way to determine the general outlines of litigation. Yet within those outlines Roman litigants decided a...

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exile, Greek

Simon Hornblower.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law. 535 words.

Exile (φυγή, literally ‘flight’) is permanent (aeiphygia) or long-term removal from one's native place, usually as a punishment imposed by government or other superior power. In Greece it was from...

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damnum iniuria datum

R. Zimmermann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law. 468 words.

Damnum iniuria datum was one of the four sources of delictual obligations mentioned in Gaius, Institutio oratoria 3. 182. It was based on the most important statutory enactment on Roman private law...

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Studying the State

Walter Scheidel.

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

February 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Law; Classical History. 25340 words.

This chapter discusses the concept and various definitions of state. These include Max Weber's definition of the state as a specific type of political organization and his emphasis on...

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