Oxford Index Search Results

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actualization x History of Science and Technology x clear all

actual

Overview page. Subjects: Law.

In legal usage in many contexts, the actual (what occurs in fact, and may be proved as a fact) is contrasted with what is deemed or implied by operation of ...

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The role of actual causes (1818–24)

in Worlds Before Adam

July 2008; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7050 words.

This chapter considers the proper role of observable present processes as means of explaining the deep past of geohistory. The actualistic method of using the present as the most effective...

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Actual causes on trial (1834–39)

in Worlds Before Adam

July 2008; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9101 words.

This chapter focuses on Charles Lyell's success with actual causes of another kind, namely those that literally underlay the movements of the earth's crust. The question of crustal...

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<i>Polarität und Steigerung</i>: The Self-Organization of Nature and the Actualization of Life

John H. Zammito.

in The Gestation of German Biology

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 14299 words.

To establish life science on a systematic basis required an integrating principle for the specific conception of organic form and its integration further into a general system of nature....

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One Grain, One Nation: Rice Genetics and the Corporate State (1936–1952)

Lino Camprubí.

in Engineers and the Making of the Francoist Regime

May 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9406 words.

This chapter traces rice seeds as they circulated from the genetics laboratory through a vertically organized system for production and consumption onto the Spanish landscape. Rice...

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Scientists as the Model of Human Nature

Jamie Cohen-Cole.

in The Open Mind

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 9287 words.

This chapter focuses on a particular moment in the history of human sciences in which reflexivity played a significant role: the early days of revolution when cognitive science supplanted...

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“The Huttonian theory rediviva” (1830–31)

in Worlds Before Adam

July 2008; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7726 words.

This chapter summarizes the next phase of Charles Lyell's exposition of his geotheory and describes how the first volume of Principles of Geology was received by fellow geologists and other...

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Everyone’s an Expert? Warrants for Expertise

Laura Stark.

in Behind Closed Doors

February 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 7700 words.

This chapter examines the issue of warrants for expertise based on analysis of actual meeting of an institutional review board (IRB). It suggests that IRB decisions were in part the product...

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Newton on Certainty in <i>Optical Lectures</i>

Niccolò Guicciardini.

in Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method

September 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 4834 words.

This chapter explores Isaac Newton’s methods in integrating geometry with natural philosophy, and aims to pinpoint his early program for his goals in a dialogical context. It also explores...

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Introduction

Laura Stark.

in Behind Closed Doors

February 2012; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 3316 words.

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the role of institutional review boards (IRBs) in designing the U.S. government rules for the treatment of human...

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Space Station: Campaigning for a Permanent Human Presence in Space

Valerie Neal.

in Spaceflight in the Shuttle Era and Beyond

June 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology. 12905 words.

Chapter 5, “Space Station: Campaigning for a Permanent Human Presence in Space,” transitions from the space shuttle as the focus of U.S. human spaceflight to NASA’s push for a permanent...

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