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Alu family

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

The most common dispersed, repeated DNA sequence in the human genome. There are at least 750,000 Alu elements, each consisting of about 300 base pairs, accounting for 11% of human DNA. Each...

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Alu family

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

The most common dispersed, repeated DNA sequence in the human genome. There are at least 750,000 Alu elements, each consisting of about 300 base pairs, accounting for 11% of human DNA. Each...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ku Antigen Binds to <i>Alu</i> Family DNA

Takayuki Tsuchiya, Yumiko Saëgusa, Takahiro Taira, Tsuneyo Mimori, Sanae M.M. Iguchi-Ariga and Hiroyoshi Ariga.

in The Journal of Biochemistry

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biochemistry. 0 words.

The GC-rich segment containing GGAGGC (Alu core) is conserved within the RNA polymerase III (pol III) promoters of Alu family sequences. We have shown that the GGAGGC motif functions as a...

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Alu family

Elizabeth Martin and Robert Hine.

in A Dictionary of Biology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 162 words.

A group of closely related DNA sequences arising from a single ancestral sequence (see gene family) and found

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Alu family

Edited by Robert Hine and Elizabeth Martin.

in A Dictionary of Biology

June 2016; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences. 148 words.

A group of closely related DNA sequences arising from a single ancestral sequence (see gene family) and found

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Alu family

Robert C. King, William D. Stansfield and Pamela K. Mulligan.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 89 words.

the most common dispersed, repeated DNA sequence in the human genome. There are at least 750,000 Alu elements, each consisting

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Alu family

Robert C. King, Pamela K. Mulligan and William D. Stansfield.

in A Dictionary of Genetics

January 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 100 words.

the most common dispersed, repeated DNA sequence in the human genome. There are at least 750,000 Alu elements, each consisting

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A Whole <i>MEN1</i> Gene Deletion Flanked by Alu Repeats in a Family with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1

Atsushi Fukuuchi, Yuko Nagamura, Hiroko Yaguchi, Naganari Ohkura, Takao Obara and Toshihiko Tsukada.

in Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology

November 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Oncology. 3260 words.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome characterized by pituitary, parathyroid and enteropancreatic endocrine tumors, which is caused by germline...

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Sequence Analysis and Characterization of Active Human <i>Alu</i> Subfamilies Based on the 1000 Genomes Pilot Project

Miriam K. Konkel, Jerilyn A. Walker, Ashley B. Hotard, Megan C. Ranck, Catherine C. Fontenot, Jessica Storer, Chip Stewart, Gabor T. Marth and Mark A. Batzer.

in Genome Biology and Evolution

P ublished online August 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Genetics and Genomics. 9512 words.

The goal of the 1000 Genomes Consortium is to characterize human genome structural variation (SV), including forms of copy number variations such as deletions, duplications, and insertions....

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Alu Monomer Revisited: Recent Generation of Alu Monomers

Kenji K. Kojima.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

January 2011; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 1553 words.

Alu is a predominant short interspersed element (SINE) family in the human genome and consists of two monomer units connected by an A-rich linker. At present, dimeric Alu elements are...

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Genome-wide tracking of unmethylated DNA Alu repeats in normal and cancer cells

Jairo Rodriguez, Laura Vives, Mireia Jordà, Cristina Morales, Mar Muñoz, Elisenda Vendrell and Miguel A. Peinado.

in Nucleic Acids Research

February 2008; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 10130 words.

Methylation of the cytosine is the most frequent epigenetic modification of DNA in mammalian cells. In humans, most of the methylated cytosines are found in CpG-rich sequences within tandem...

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Pahinui

in The Grove Dictionary of American Music

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: American Music. 842 words.

A family of Hawaiian ki hoalu (slack-key) guitarists. The patriarch, Charles Phillip “Gabby” Pahinui (1921–80), has

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Does SINE evolution preclude Alu function?

Carl W. Schmid.

in Nucleic Acids Research

October 1998; p ublished online October 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7386 words.

The evolution, mobility and deleterious genetic effects of human Alus are fairly well understood. The complexity of regulated transcriptional expression of Alus is becoming apparent and...

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Hominoid Composite Non-LTR Retrotransposons—Variety, Assembly, Evolution, and Structural Determinants of Mobilization

Bianca Ianc, Cornelia Ochis, Robert Persch, Octavian Popescu and Annette Damert.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

November 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 9172 words.

SVA (SINE-R-VNTR-Alu) elements constitute the youngest family of composite non-LTR retrotransposons in hominoid primates. The sequence of their assembly, however, remains unclear. Recently,...

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Characterization of Novel Alu- and tRNA-Related SINEs from the Tree Shrew and Evolutionary Implications of Their Origins

Hidenori Nishihara, Yohey Terai and Norihiro Okada.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

November 2002; p ublished online November 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 5740 words.

We characterized two novel 7SL RNA–derived short interspersed nuclear element (SINE) families (Tu types I and II) and a novel tRNA-derived SINE family (Tu type III) from the tree shrew (Tupa...

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Recombination-Associated Sequence Homogenization of Neighboring Alu Elements: Signature of Nonallelic Gene Conversion

Alexey Aleshin and Degui Zhi.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

October 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7090 words.

Recently, researchers have begun to recognize that, in order to establish neutral models for disease association and evolutionary genomics studies, it is crucial to have a clear...

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The most frequent constitutional translocation in humans, the t(11;22)(q23;q11) is due to a highly specific Alu-mediated recombination

Alexander S. Hill, Nicola J. Foot, Tracy L. Chaplin and Bryan D. Young.

in Human Molecular Genetics

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 5483 words.

The t(11;22) is the most common recurrent non-Robertsonian constitutional translocation in humans, having been reported in more than 160 unrelated families. Balanced carriers are at risk of...

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Chromosomal Stabilisation by a Subtelomeric Rearrangement Involving Two Closely Related <i>Alu</i> Elements

J. Flint, J. Rochette, C. F. Craddock, C. Dodé, B. Vignes, S. W. Horsley, L. Kearney, V. J. Buckle, H. Ayyub and D. R. Higgs.

in Human Molecular Genetics

August 1996; p ublished online August 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 4114 words.

We have characterised a subtelomeric rearrangement involving the short arm of chromosome 16 that gives rise to α-thalassaemia by deleting the major, remote regulatory element controlling...

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reannealing

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Medicine and Health.

In molecular genetics, the pairing of single-stranded DNA molecules that have complementary base sequences to form duplex molecules. Reannealing and annealing (q.v.) differ in that the DNA...

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junk DNA

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A term sometimes used to refer to the majority of the DNA in most eukaryotic genomes which does not seem to have a coding or regulatory function. Like “junk,” it is of questionable value,...

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Functional microRNAs and target sites are created by lineage-specific transposition

Ryan M. Spengler, Clayton K. Oakley and Beverly L. Davidson.

in Human Molecular Genetics

April 2014; p ublished online November 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 7344 words.

Transposable elements (TEs) account for nearly one-half of the sequence content in the human genome, and de novo germline transposition into regulatory or coding sequences of protein-coding...

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