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Bakufu

Overview page.

The term bakufu, literally “field government,” refers to the governmental organization of the Japanese shoguns. Although the term is commonly used by historians, it is relatively rare in...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bakufu

Mark Ravina.

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 891 words.

The term bakufu, literally “field government,” refers to the governmental organization of the Japanese shoguns. Although the term is

Go to Oxford Reference »  home page

Bakufu

Overview page.

The term bakufu, literally “field government,” refers to the governmental organization of the Japanese shoguns. Although the term is commonly used by historians, it is relatively rare in...

See overview in Oxford Index

The Zheng Regime and the Tokugawa <i>Bakufu</i>

Patrizia Carioti.

in Sea Rovers, Silver, and Samurai

February 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 11122 words.

This chapter examines how the Zheng maritime organization used its commercial influence over Japan as a political instrument to pressure the Tokugawa bakufu (shogunate) to intervene in the...

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Jeffrey P. Mass. <i>Yoritomo and the Founding of the First Bakufu: The Origins of Dual Government in Japan</i>. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1999. Pp. xiii, 278. $49.50

Janet R. Goodwin.

in The American Historical Review

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: World History. 0 words.

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Tokyo

Tetsuji Okazaki.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

January 2003; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Economic History. 559 words.

Development of the Tokyo area began in the early seventeenth century, when Ieyasu Tokugawa (1543–1616) settled the government (Bakufu

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Shugakuin Rikyū (Shugakuin Detached Palace)

Overview page. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.

Kyoto, Japan, was built as a country villa by Emperor Gomizunoo (1596–1680). In 1629, reacting to edicts from the Tokugawa bakufu (military government) restricting aristocratic rights, the...

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Where Are the Authentic Monks?

Jiang Wu.

in Leaving for the Rising Sun

December 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 13253 words.

This chapter describes a series of the bakufu’s attempts to reform Manpukuji and to recruit more Chinese monks to Japan. During the late seventeenth century, measures had been taken by...

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The Taikun’s Zen Master from China

Jiang Wu.

in Leaving for the Rising Sun

December 2014; p ublished online January 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 10953 words.

This chapter offers a new interpretation of Yinyuan’s success in Japan by situating his arrival into the bakufu’s agenda of establishing a Japan-centered world order. The first part of the...

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Seventeenth-Century Tokugawa Exceptionalism

Mark Thomas McNally.

in Like No Other

December 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 13728 words.

While the flawed association of Kokugaku with nativism leads scholars to the concept of exceptionalism, the historiographical analysis of Tokugawa exceptionalism should neither begin nor...

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Engaging the Center

in The Vaccinators

May 2007; p ublished online June 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 8217 words.

This chapter analyzes the ways in which Japan's vaccinators finally engaged the Tokugawa bakufu in their efforts to promote Jennerian vaccination in the city of Edo. Following the outbreak...

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Kyoto

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Theatre.

A city in Japan known for the quantity of famous old Buddhist temples and monuments. During the Heian period, it was the capital city (called Heian at the time), and remained the centre of...

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GoToba (1180 - 1239), patron, scholar, poet

Nicole Fabricand-Person.

in Grove Art Online

August 1996; p ublished online January 1998 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art. 389 words.

Emperor of Japan during the Kamakura period (1185–1333), patron, scholar and poet. The dual-polity government that prevailed in Japan just before GoToba’s reign in the late 12th century...

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Meiji period

Bonnie Abiko.

in Grove Art Online

August 1996; p ublished online January 1998 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art. 641 words.

Term given to a Japanese era (nengō) corresponding to the reign of Emperor Mutsuhito (reg 1868–1912), posthumously known as Emperor Meiji. Internal economic pressure on the Japanese feudal...

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Lay of the Land: <i>Warichi</i> Practice in Iwade Village

Philip C. Brown.

in Cultivating Commons

March 2011; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 9377 words.

This chapter describes the Iwade village, a typical village for the Echigo area, which had an assessed value for land taxation of slightly more than 219 koku. Throughout the Tokugawa era,...

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Seismic Japan

Gregory Smits.

November 2013; p ublished online November 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Asian History. 256 pages.

What are we to make of contemporary newspapers in Japan speculating about the possible connection between aquatic creatures and earthquakes? Why, between 1977 and 1993, did Japan's...

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Meanings

Gregory Smits.

in Seismic Japan

November 2013; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 13071 words.

This chapter examines the Ansei Edo earthquake's social, political, and economic significance, especially in light of the collapse of the bakufu twelve years later. The Ansei Edo earthquake...

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Introduction: Land, People, and their Shaping by History

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI.

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

April 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 6971 words.

This chapter starts by introducing the insularity of Japan and the Japanese. The insular position of Japan off the mainland of Asia has been compared with the similar position of Britain...

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Japan in 1825: A Crisis in Seclusion

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI.

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

April 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 8993 words.

This chapter concentrates on a crisis in Japan which happened in 1825. It starts by looking at the Tokugawa hegemony and the Bakuhan system. The policy of seclusion was adopted by the early...

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The Meiji ‘Restoration’

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI.

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

April 2000; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945). 10041 words.

This chapter describes the Meiji reforms, together with the imperial restoration, that would constitute the Meiji Restoration. It introduces the progress of the anti-Bakufu movement (Tobakunull...

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Warfare, Wound Medicine, and Song Medical Knowledge

Andrew Edmund Goble.

in Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan

September 2011; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Asian History. 9029 words.

This chapter examines the emergence of wound medicine as a medical specialty in response to the eruption of violence and warfare in Japan in the early fourteenth century, with particular...

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