Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.
A high church official, appointed by the pope. The cardinals (from Latin cardo, ‘hinge’) were defined as a ‘sacred college’ with clearly defined functions in the 11th century, when they ...null...
in Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages
January 2002; p ublished online January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 1339 words.
Three groups of cardinals existed at Rome. First the cardinal-bishops (episcopi cardinales), present at Roman synods before
in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 78 words.
of fundamental importance (formed as cardinal).
cardinal humour each of the four chief humours of the body.
in Dictionary of American Family Names
January 2003; p ublished online January 2006 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Names Studies. 115 words.
English, French, Spanish, and Dutch: from Middle English, Old French cardinal ‘cardinal’, the church dignitary (Latin cardinalis, originally an
in The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins
January 2009; p ublished online January 2010 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 49 words.
The connection between a cardinal, ‘a senior Roman Catholic priest’, and cardinal, ‘fundamental, most important’, is a door hinge.
in Renaissance and Reformation
P ublished online June 2012 .
Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 12154 words.
Deriving from the Latin cardo (hinge), cardinals were originally priests permanently attached to particular churches. Roman cardinals were beneficiaries of the 11th- and 12th-century...