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Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

A high church official, appointed by the pope. The cardinals (from Latin cardo, ‘hinge’) were defined as a ‘sacred college’ with clearly defined functions in the 11th century, when they ...


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Built Environment and 1-Year Change in Weight and Waist Circumference in Middle-Aged and Older Adults

Fuzhong Li, Peter Harmer, Bradley J. Cardinal, Mark Bosworth, Deborah Johnson-Shelton, Jane M. Moore, Alan Acock and Naruepon Vongjaturapat.

in American Journal of Epidemiology

February 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 4798 words.

This study examined neighborhood built environment characteristics (fast-food restaurant density, walkability) and individual eating-out and physical activity behaviors in relation to...

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Polymorphic ventricular tachycardias induced by <span class="smallCaps">d</span>-sotalol and phenylephrine in canine preparations of atrioventricular block: initiation in the conduction system followed by spatially unstable re-entry

Katayoun Derakhchan, René Cardinal, Sylvain Brunet, Didier Klug, Chantal Pharand, Teresa Kuś and Betty I. Sasyniuk.

in Cardiovascular Research

June 1998; p ublished online June 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine. 7834 words.


Objective: Polymorphic ventricular tachycardias (PVT) occur spontaneously in canine hearts under the combination of d-sotalol (S),...

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Role of Central Serotonin in Anticipation of Rewarding and Punishing Outcomes: Effects of Selective Amygdala or Orbitofrontal 5-HT Depletion

Rafal Rygula, Hannah F. Clarke, Rudolf N. Cardinal, Gemma J. Cockcroft, Jing Xia, Jeff W. Dalley, Trevor W. Robbins and Angela C. Roberts.

in Cerebral Cortex

September 2015; p ublished online May 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 11055 words.

Understanding the role of serotonin (or 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in aversive processing has been hampered by the contradictory findings, across studies, of increased sensitivity to...

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Cortical Cholinergic Function and Deficits in Visual Attentional Performance in Rats Following 192 IgG–Saporin-induced Lesions of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex

Jeffrey W. Dalley, David E. Theobald, Pascale Bouger, Yogita Chudasama, Rudolf N. Cardinal and Trevor W. Robbins.

in Cerebral Cortex

August 2004; p ublished online August 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8727 words.

Lesions of the basal forebrain (BF) cortical cholinergic system impair performance on a rodent five-choice visual attentional task. This study examines the effects on the same task of...

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Finite element analysis of mandibular molar protraction mechanics using miniscrews

Jun Nihara, Krystyna Gielo-Perczak, Lucas Cardinal, Isao Saito, Ravindra Nanda and Flavio Uribe.

in European Journal of Orthodontics

February 2015; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics. 4339 words.



The aim of this study was to determine the most desirable force system to achieve molar...

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Role of <i>Foxl2</i> in uterine maturation and function

Brice Bellessort, Anne Bachelot, Églantine Heude, Gladys Alfama, Anastasia Fontaine, Marine Le Cardinal, Mathias Treier and Giovanni Levi.

in Human Molecular Genetics

June 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 6502 words.

Foxl2 codes for a forkhead/HNF3 transcription factor essential for follicular maturation and maintenance of ovarian identity. FOXL2 mutations are associated with...

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A Fatal Overdose of Cocaine Associated with Coingestion of Marijuana, Buprenorphine, and Fluoxetine. Body Fluid and Tissue Distribution of Cocaine and Its Metabolites Determined by Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (HILIC-MS)

Christian Giroud, Katarzyna Michaud, Frank Sporkert, Chin Eap, Marc Augsburger, Pascal Cardinal and Patrice Mangin.

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 0 words.

Chromatographic separation of highly polar basic drugs with ideal ionspray mass spectrometry volatile mobile phases is a difficult challenge. A new quantification procedure was developed...

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Host-Feeding Sources and Infection With <i>Trypanosoma cruzi</i> of <i>Triatoma infestans</i> and <i>Triatoma eratyrusiformis</i> (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) From the Calchaqui Valleys in Northwestern Argentina

M. C. Cecere, M. Leporace, M. P. Fernández, J. E. Zárate, C. Moreno, R. E. Gürtler and M. V. Cardinal.

in Journal of Medical Entomology

May 2016; p ublished online February 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Disease Ecology and Epidemiology; Entomology. 5090 words.

We assessed the prevalence of infection with Trypanosoma cruzi, parasite genotypes (discrete typing units, DTUs), and the host-feeding sources of domestic and peridomestic Triatoma infestansnull...

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Effects of atorvastatin on NGAL and cystatin C in chronic kidney disease: a <i>post</i> <i>hoc</i> analysis of the LORD trial

Robert G. Fassett, Iain K. Robertson, Madeleine J. Ball, Dominic P. Geraghty, John W. Cardinal and Jeff S. Coombes.

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

January 2012; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Nephrology. 4516 words.


Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and cystatin C are biomarkers of kidney injury and function, respectively. This study assessed...

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Solute clearances during continuous venovenous haemofiltration at various ultrafiltration flow rates using Multiflow-100 and HF1000 filters

Stéphan Troyanov, Jean Cardinal, David Geadah, Daniel Parent, Sylvie Courteau, Sylvie Caron and Martine Leblanc.

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Nephrology. 37 words.

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