in A Dictionary of Arabic Literary Terms and Devices
February 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies - World. 129 words.
1. A literary concept or movement, translated roughly as ‘commitment’, which rose to prominence in the Arab world in the
in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam
August 2004; p ublished online November 2007 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Islam; Society and Culture. 101 words.
Type of tax farming practiced in Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. Tax farms were assigned to holders who paid fixed
February 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .
Book. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); History of Religion. 272 pages.
The received wisdom about the nature of the Greek Orthodox Church in the Ottoman Empire is that Sultan Mehmed II re-established the Patriarchate of Constantinople as both a political and a...
in Inside the Muslim Brotherhood
November 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: Islam. 5215 words.
This chapter provides an extensive account of the Brotherhood’s recruitment tactics and mobilization strategy. It answers the question How does the Brotherhood select and recruit its...
in European Journal of International Law
May 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Public International Law. 8840 words.
Ottoman state practice in the field of state succession in the 19th century displayed strict adherence to the European notions of international law. This is evident from the...