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Madhyamika

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(Sanskrit, the middle way)

A school of Buddhist philosophy. The middle way emphasizes the emptiness (shunyata) of things, and the way in which truth lies beyond all dichotomies and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Madhyamika

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(Sanskrit, the middle way)

A school of Buddhist philosophy. The middle way emphasizes the emptiness (shunyata) of things, and the way in which truth lies beyond all dichotomies and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mādhyamika

John Bowker.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

January 2000; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies. 5 words.

An adherent of Mādhyamaka.

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<i>Madhyamika</i>

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 87 words.

A school of Buddhist philosophy. The middle way emphasizes the emptiness (*shunyata) of things, and the way

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Madhyamika

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 87 words.

A school of Buddhist philosophy. The middle way emphasizes the emptiness (*shunyata) of things, and the way

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The Reality-Status of the Empirical World: The Mādhyamika Teaching

Stephen Cross.

in Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian Thought

June 2013; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 4510 words.

This chapter examines the main features of Arthur Schopenhauer’s thoughts about the reality-status of the empirical world and how they relate to the Mādhyamika teaching of Mahāyāna...

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Distinguishing the Mādhyamika from the Advaitin: A Field Guide

Mark Siderits.

in Studies in Buddhist Philosophy

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy. 5660 words.

This essay discusses the differences between Madhyamaka and Advaita Vedānta. Seeing these two systems as closely aligned used to be more common than it is nowadays, partly due to the...

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How Do Mādhyamikas Think?: Notes on Jay Garfield, Graham Priest, and Paraconsistency

Tom J. F. Tillemans.

in Pointing at the Moon

October 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 7997 words.

This chapter explores Jay Garfield and Graham Priest's willingness to read Nāgārjuna and other Mādhyamikas as deliberately, though cogently, inconsistent. While it rejects their view that...

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Ethics for Mādhyamikas

Bronwyn Finnigan and Koji Tanaka.

in Moonshadows

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 4644 words.

This chapter investigates implications of the Madhyamaka doctrine of two truths for ethics, focusing on the possibility of justifying ethical precepts given the doctrine of the two truths...

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Identifying the Object of Negation and the Status of Conventional Truth: Why the <i>dGag Bya</i> Matters So Much to Tibetan Mādhyamikas

Jay L. Garfield and Sonam Thakchöe.

in Moonshadows

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 7025 words.

Tibetan Mādhyamikas devote considerable attention to debates concerning the object of negation (Tib. dgag bya) in deconstructive Madhyamaka analysis. This chapter argues that this attention...

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How Far Can a Mādhyamika Buddhist Reform Conventional Truth? Dismal Relativism, Fictionalism, Easy-Easy Truth, and the Alternatives

Tom Tillemans.

in Moonshadows

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 7728 words.

Mādhyamikas of Candrakīrti’s school often say they accept as conventionally true all and only what the world accepts to be true. The rationale they invoke is that since all things are empty...

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Can a Mādhyamika Be a Skeptic? The Case of Patsab Nyimadrak

Georges Dreyfus.

in Moonshadows

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 11747 words.

This chapter compares the twelfth-century Tibetan thinker Patsab’s interpretation of Madhyamaka with certain readings of ancient skepticism, focusing on the central question that skeptical...

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Just Another Word for Nothing Left to Lose: Freedom, Agency and Ethics for Mādhyamikas

Jay L. Garfield.

in Free Will, Agency, and Selfhood in Indian Philosophy

December 2013; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion. 8759 words.

This is a study of the Madhyamaka Buddhist account of personal agency and freedom. It also functions as a cross-cultural critique of the problem of free will in the West.

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Nāgārjuna the Yogācārin? Vasubandhu the Mādhyamika? on the middle-way between realism and antirealism

Eviatar Shulman.

in Madhyamaka and Yogācāra

April 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 11535 words.

This chapter works toward exposing the shared ground the foundational thinkers of the Madhyamaka and Yogācāra schools, Nāgārjuna and Vasubandu. It shows that there is good reason to connect...

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Nagarjuna (2nd)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 124 words.

One of the principal philosophers of *Buddhism, and founder of the *Madhyamika school. Little is known of

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Nagarjuna (2nd)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 123 words.

One of the principal philosophers of *Buddhism, and founder of the *Madhyamika school. Little is known of

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Nāgārjuna (T.)

Edited by Robert E. Buswell and David S. Lopez.

in The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

P ublished online July 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Buddhism. 1058 words.

Indian Buddhist philosopher traditionally regarded as the founder of the Madhyamaka [alt. Mādhyamika] school of Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy. Very little

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Madhyamaka in India and Tibet

John Dunne.

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy. 8026 words.

The Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy of India and Tibet contains several major strands, and while some strands were eventually construed to be flawed, one became dominant in Indian Mahāyāna....

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Conclusions: Schopenhauer’s <i>Representation</i> and Its Indian Affinities

Stephen Cross.

in Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian Thought

June 2013; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 5313 words.

This chapter examines the Indian affinities of Arthur Schopenhauer’s doctrine of representation. It first considers the teachings of Advaita Vedānta and Mādhyamika schools regarding the...

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Prāsaṅgika Epistemology in Context

Sonam Thakchöe.

in Moonshadows

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 7725 words.

Some argue that a Prāsaṅgika Mādhyamika is committed to rejecting all epistemic instruments (pramāṇa) because they reject intrinsic natures (svabhāva) and intrinsic characteristics (svalakṣ...

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Sengzhao

Overview page. Subjects: Buddhism — Philosophy.

(ad 384?–414)

Early Chinese interpreter of Buddhism. Allegedly overcome with pleasure on first reading the Vimalakirtinirdesha Sutra he eventually wrote various essays exalting...

See overview in Oxford Index