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Mustadafun

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

The lower classes; the downtrodden; the meek; “the barefoot.” Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (d. 1989) popularized this concept in revolutionary Iran. The term also refers to those who are...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mustadafun

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

The lower classes; the downtrodden; the meek; “the barefoot.” Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (d. 1989) popularized this concept in revolutionary Iran. The term also refers to those who are...

See overview in Oxford Index

Mustadafun

Edited by John L. Esposito.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

August 2004; p ublished online November 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Islam; Society and Culture. 85 words.

The lower classes; the downtrodden; the meek; “the barefoot.” Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (d. 1989) popularized this concept in revolutionary

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Mustaḍʿafūn

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

March 2009; p ublished online November 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Society and Culture; Islam.

Revolutions tend to popularize egalitarian, romantic, and utopian ideas that often mesmerize the masses. In revolutionary Iran, Ayatollah Ruhollah al-Musavi

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