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René Ménil

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1907–2004).

Martinican poet, essayist, and political thinker, contributor to Légitime défense and Tropiques and for many years a leading Communist intellectual in Martinique. His...

See overview in Oxford Index

René Ménil

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1907–2004).

Martinican poet, essayist, and political thinker, contributor to Légitime défense and Tropiques and for many years a leading Communist intellectual in Martinique. His...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ménil, René (1907–2004)

Richard Burton.

in The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

January 1995; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (European). 42 words.

(1907–2004).

Martinican poet, essayist, and political thinker, contributor to Légitime défense and Tropiques and for

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Tropiques (1941–5)

Bridget Jones.

in The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

January 1995; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (European). 54 words.

(1941–5).

Literary magazine founded by Aimé and Suzanne Césaire and René Ménil in Martinique under the Vichy regime

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Tropiques

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

(1941–5).

Literary magazine founded by Aimé and Suzanne Césaire and René Ménil in Martinique under the Vichy regime (14 issues). Reassessing Caribbean reality (the African heritage...

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Légitime Défense

Overview page. Subjects: Literature.

French West Indian literary‐political review, published in Paris, of which only one number (June 1932) appeared. In it a group of Martinican students, notably Etienne Léro (1910–39), René...

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Caribbean Critique

Nick Nesbitt.

July 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies. 346 pages.

Caribbean Critique seeks to define and analyze the distinctive contribution of francophone Caribbean thinkers to perimetric Critical Theory. The book argues that their singular project has...

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Rhythm, Music, and Literature in the French Caribbean

Munro Martin.

in Different Drummers

July 2010; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Ethnomusicology. 24622 words.

This chapter focuses on the literature and on the persistence of rhythm in the literary and intellectual discourse of the French Caribbean islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe. It discusses...

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Primitivism and Negritude

Ben Etherington.

in Literary Primitivism

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies. 4491 words.

Chapter 3 considers a range of manifestoes and essays that articulate the primitivist project. Anchoring the discussion with Ernst Bloch’s conception of objective and subjective...

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Léro, Etienne

Nick Nesbitt.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 394 words.

In 1932 the Martinican student Etienne Léro published a single issue of the journal Légitime défense in Paris with a team of writers, including René Ménil, Jules-Marcel Monnerot,...

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Gratiant, Gilbert

Richard Watts.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 361 words.

Gilbert Gratiant, of mixed African and European descent, was born in Saint Pierre, Martinique. He grew up in a literary household that, unlike most mixed-race families in Martinique, did...

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Créolité

Richard Watts.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 762 words.

Focused primarily on Martinique and Guadeloupe, Créolité came about in response to the Négritude movement (most influential from the 1930s to the 1960s) that posited African culture as...

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Literature, French–Language, in the Caribbean

Richard Watts.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1049 words.

The term Francophone Caribbean literature can in theory refer to any work in French from the Caribbean region, including the works of white French writers born or living there. The most...

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Négritude

Nick Nesbitt.

in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 5784 words.

The concept of Négritude represents a historic development in the formulation of African diasporic identity and culture in this century. The term marks a revalorization of Africa on the...

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