in A Dictionary of Economics
January 2012; p ublished online May 2013 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Economics. 110 words.
An unexpected shift of the supply curve to the left, i.e. a reduction in the quantity supplied for any given price. This could result from natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes;...
in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation
February 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .
Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics. 3083 words.
The collapse of output during transition can be best explained as an adverse supply shock caused mostly by a change in relative prices after their deregulation due to distortions in...
in The Oxford Handbook of the Russian Economy
July 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .
Article. Subjects: Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Economic History. 11419 words.
The transformational recession in Russia was one of the deepest and longest in the postcommunist countries. Various explanations of the transformational recession are discussed, and an...
in Oxford Review of Economic Policy
July 2011; p ublished online July 2011 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment; General Aggregative Models. 12165 words.
Unemployment has risen sharply in a number of countries and it appears to be becoming more persistent. The experience of the 1970s and 1980s showed that adverse unemployment shocks could...
in Science and Engineering Careers in the United States
July 2009; p ublished online February 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: Econometrics and Mathematical Economics. 13640 words.
This chapter uses data drawn from the Survey of Earned Doctorates and the Survey of Doctoral Recipients to analyze the impact of the influx of foreign students on the earnings of...
in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine
January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 106 words.
A cushion-like pad between adjacent vertebrae. It is composed of an inner semifluid material (nucleus pulposus) and a hard outer ring of fibrous cartilage (the annulus fibrosus). The disc...
in Cambridge Journal of Economics
March 2001; p ublished online March 2001 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Economics; Political Economy; Economic Sociology. 0 words.
How open should a developing country's agriculture be to the world economy? What are the medium-term effects for growth and income distribution of 'close' integration with world agricultural...
Effects of short-term simultaneous infusion of dobutamine and terlipressin in patients with septic shock: the DOBUPRESS study†
in BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia
April 2008; p ublished online February 2008 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Anaesthetics. 5326 words.
Terlipressin bolus infusion may reduce cardiac output and global oxygen supply. The present study was designed to determine whether dobutamine...
in British Economic Growth 1856-1973
October 1982; p ublished online November 2003 .
Chapter. Subjects: Economic History. 22345 words.
The adverse effect of foreign competition on the growth of TFP in the pre‐1914 period is estimated to have been larger in agriculture—still an important industry—than in manufacturing....
in Journal of Human Rights Practice
July 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Ethical Issues and Debates; Human Rights and Immigration; Human Rights; Politics; Social Movements and Social Change. 1545 words.
Investments to promote electricity supply in India: Regulatory and governance challenges and options
in The Journal of World Energy Law & Business
November 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Environment and Energy Law. 9872 words.
in Uniform Law Review
August 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Private International Law and Conflict of Laws. 23369 words.
Contractual relationships may have different content and functions depending on whether the enterprises operate in global open markets or in ‘close’ global supply chains (GSCs). GSCs are...
India - Certain Measures Relating to Solar Cells and Solar Modules, United States v India, Panel Report, WT/DS456/R, ITL 138 (WTO 2016), 24th February 2016, World Trade Organisation [WTO]; Panel Reports
Legal Material. Subjects: Public International Law; International Law; Law. 100574 words.
Whether measures falling under paragraph 1(a) of the Illustrative List of the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (1 January 1995) were necessarily inconsistent with Article...
Fair in Form, But Discriminatory in Operation—WTO Law’s Discriminatory Effects on Human Rights in Developing Countries
in Journal of International Economic Law
September 2011; p ublished online August 2011 .
Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Public International Law; Economics. 18502 words.
There are many points of intersection between the law of the World Trade Organization and international human rights law. This article looks at one such, where WTO law requires developing...