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calculus

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry.

A stone formed in an organ or duct; a concretion, usually of mineral salts, that forms in the body (the process of lithiasis). Kidney stones are usually of calcium oxalate.

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calculus

in A Dictionary of Physics

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics. 214 words.

A series of mathematical techniques developed independently by Isaac *Newton and Gottfried Leibniz (1646–1716). Differential calculus treats

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calculus

Edited by Jonathan Law and Richard Rennie.

in A Dictionary of Physics

January 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics. 259 words.

A series of mathematical techniques developed independently by Isaac *Newton and Gottfried Leibniz (1646–1716). Differential calculus treats

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calculus

Edited by T. F. Hoad.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

January 1996; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 22 words.

stone in an animal body; †gen. (system of) calculation XVII; spec. in differential, integral (etc.) calculus XVIII. — L.

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calculus

Alexander D. Oliver.

in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 735 words.

A calculus is a formal language and rules for manipulating expressions of the language. For example, by applying algorithms to

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calculus

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

A calculus is a formal language and rules for manipulating expressions of the language. For example, by applying algorithms to arabic numerals one can determine the values of arithmetical...

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calculus

Overview page. Subjects: Physics.

A series of mathematical techniques developed independently by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz (1646–1716). Differential calculus treats a continuously varying quantity as if it...

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process calculus

Edited by Andrew Butterfield and Gerard Ekembe Ngondi.

in A Dictionary of Computer Science

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Computing. 86 words.

The study of abstract computing processes by means of various formal systems and calculuses. An early influential calculus was the

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process calculus

John Daintith and Edmund Wright.

in A Dictionary of Computing

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Computing. 86 words.

The study of abstract computing processes by means of various formal systems and calculuses. An early influential calculus was the

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predicate calculus

Alan Lacey.

in The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

January 2005; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 197 words.

A device (also called the functional calculus, or calculus of relations) for formalizing and systematizing the logical relations between propositions

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stochastic calculus

Graham Upton and Ian Cook.

in A Dictionary of Statistics

January 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Probability and Statistics. 16 words.

An extension, introduced by *Ito, of the methods of calculus to a *stochastic process.

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