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channels, neural

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One normally thinks of a channel as a physically existing and easily seen structure, such as a river course. Nerve fibres are, similarly, easily seen courses along which neural signals ...

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See overview in Oxford Index

channels, neural

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology.

One normally thinks of a channel as a physically existing and easily seen structure, such as a river course. Nerve fibres are, similarly, easily seen courses along which neural signals ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

channels, neural

Richard L. Gregory and Roger J. Watt.

in The Oxford Companion to the Mind

January 2004; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychology. 1083 words.

One normally thinks of a channel as a physically existing and easily seen structure, such as a river course. Nerve

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Carbon monoxide augments electrical signaling in cultured neural networks of hippocampal neurons partly through activation of BK<sub>Ca</sub> channels

Hucheng Zhao, Bailin Liu, Quanyou Zhang, Xiao'an Wu, Yang Yu, Forrest Fabian Jesse and Luming Li.

in Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica

May 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biochemistry. 3337 words.

Carbon monoxide (CO) is often viewed as a lethal gas in light of its capacity to prevent oxygen uptake in hemoglobin; however, it also functions to regulate a variety of proteins and...

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1090 Deep Neural Network For Automatic And Causal Sleep Staging Based On A Single Eeg Channel Recorded At Home

E Bresch, U Grossekathofer and G Garcia-Molina.

in SLEEP

P ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Sleep Medicine; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 0 words.

Abstract

Introduction

Consumer EEG sleep devices only use a few electrodes due to cost/space/comfort. This...

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margaratoxin

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

A peptide toxin (39 aa), from the New World scorpion Centruroides margaritatus, that blocks mammalian voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv1.3) in neural tissues and lymphocytes. Related to...

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Lepospondyli

Michael Allaby.

in A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences

January 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 56 words.

Group of small *Palaeozoic *amphibians, distinguished by the possession of *vertebrae with spool-shaped centra below the neural arches. Each centrum (the massive part of the vertebra) was...

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Lepospondyli

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Zoology and Animal Sciences.

(class Amphibia)

A group of small, Palaeozoic amphibians in which the vertebrae have spool-shaped centra (see centrum) below the neural arches. The centra were each perforated...

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OLIG2 over-expression impairs proliferation of human Down syndrome neural progenitors

Jie Lu, Gewei Lian, Hui Zhou, Giuseppe Esposito, Luca Steardo, Laurent C. Delli-Bovi, Jonathan L. Hecht, Q. Richard Lu and Volney Sheen.

in Human Molecular Genetics

May 2012; p ublished online February 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 6665 words.

Mental retardation and early Alzheimer's disease (AD) have generally been attributed to progressive neuronal loss in the developing and mature Down syndrome (DS) brain. However, reduced...

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Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen.

in Visual Masking

April 2006; p ublished online April 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 15214 words.

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some...

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Peter H. Schiller

Larry R. Squire.

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography

September 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 27818 words.

Peter H. Schiller, in collaboration with numerous investigators, has carried out research using psychophysical methods, single-cell recordings, microstimulation and pharmacological...

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Control of Spontaneous Ca<sup>2+</sup> Transients Is Critical for Neuronal Maturation in the Developing Neocortex

Yuki Bando, Katsumasa Irie, Takushi Shimomura, Hiroki Umeshima, Yuki Kushida, Mineko Kengaku, Yoshinori Fujiyoshi, Tomoo Hirano and Yoshiaki Tagawa.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2016; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7145 words.

Neural activity plays roles in the later stages of development of cortical excitatory neurons, including dendritic and axonal arborization, remodeling, and synaptogenesis. However, its role...

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The role of protein <i>N</i>-glycosylation in neural transmission

Hilary Scott and Vladislav M Panin.

in Glycobiology

May 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Carbohydrates. 8452 words.

Recent studies have explored the function of N-linked glycosylation in the nervous system, demonstrating essential roles of carbohydrate structures in neural development. The function of N-...

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Cerebrovascular organization and dynamics in cephalopods

N. Joan Abbott and J. A. Miyan.

in Cephalopod Neurobiology

April 1995; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6481 words.

This chapter reviews the anatomy and physiology of the cerebral circulation in cephalopods, and its behaviour in experimental preparations. Cephalopods have a closed vasculature, and the...

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Social perception in the infant brain: gamma oscillatory activity in response to eye gaze

Tobias Grossmann, Mark H. Johnson, Teresa Farroni and Gergely Csibra.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

December 2007; p ublished online June 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 4450 words.

Gamma band oscillatory brain activity was measured to examine the neural basis of 4-month-old infants’ perception of eye gaze direction. Infants were presented with photographic images of...

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P-30ETHANOL-INDUCED EXPRESSION OF ION CHANNELS IN RAT BRAIN SLICES

K. Sugimoto, H. Tanaka, R. Katada, M. Yoshida, K. Igarashi and H. Matsumoto.

in Alcohol and Alcoholism

September 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology. 0 words.

Chronic alcohol consumption affects brain functions such as learning, memory and motor skills, which constitute signal transduction, neural transmission, and ion channels. However, any...

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Rapid Developmental Maturation of Neocortical FS Cell Intrinsic Excitability

Ethan M. Goldberg, Hyo-Young Jeong, Ilya Kruglikov, Robin Tremblay, Roman M. Lazarenko and Bernardo Rudy.

in Cerebral Cortex

March 2011; p ublished online August 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 12675 words.

Fast-spiking (FS) cells are a prominent subtype of neocortical γ-aminobutyric acidergic interneurons that mediate feed-forward inhibition and the temporal sculpting of information transfer...

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Mice defective in Trpm6 show embryonic mortality and neural tube defects

Roxanne Y. Walder, Baoli Yang, John B. Stokes, Patricia A. Kirby, Xiao Cao, Peijun Shi, Charles C. Searby, Russell F. Husted and Val C. Sheffield.

in Human Molecular Genetics

November 2009; p ublished online August 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 5169 words.

The syndrome of hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia is caused by defective TRPM6. This protein is an ion channel that also contains a kinase in its C-terminus. It is usually...

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Brain connectivity reflects human aesthetic responses to music

Matthew E. Sachs, Robert J. Ellis, Gottfried Schlaug and Psyche Loui.

in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

June 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 5166 words.

Humans uniquely appreciate aesthetics, experiencing pleasurable responses to complex stimuli that confer no clear intrinsic value for survival. However, substantial variability exists in...

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The primary visual cortex

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

November 2001; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8629 words.

This chapter examines the role of the primary visual cortex in visual processing. It describes evidence on the nature of the neuronal responses in the primary visual cortex and the...

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The Basics of Dopamine: How We Learn and Store Value

Paul W. Glimcher.

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

November 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuropsychology. 14397 words.

This chapter reviews the anatomy of the neural circuits associated with dopamine and valuation; presents theories of reinforcement learning from psychology and computer science that predate...

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