in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures
January 2001; p ublished online January 2006 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History of the Americas. 1074 words.
Chinampas are plots of soil built up on wetlands of a lake or freshwater swamp for agricultural purposes. They are
in The Oxford Companion to the Garden
January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden. 259 words.
Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico. A highly productive agricultural system developed around 1265 to increase the available arable land by encroaching
in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History
P ublished online February 2018 .
Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Colonialism and Imperialism. 9120 words.
When the anthropologist Paul Kirchhoff proposed a new definition of Mesoamerica in a landmark study from 1943, the first common characteristics he identified were technological and...
in Grove Art Online
August 1996; p ublished online January 1998 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Art. 1081 words.
Site in the Basin of Mexico, now part of modern Mexico City. It was a ceremonial centre and later a city state, becoming politically and economically incorporated by the Mexica Aztecs of...
in The Aztecs
December 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 6435 words.
‘Aztec expansion through conquest and trade’ examines the Codex Mendoza. The Codex Mendoza is a rare example of Spanish and Aztec cooperation, and tells the story of the Aztec people....
in Mexico City through History and Culture
May 2009; p ublished online February 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: Society and Culture. 6027 words.
This chapter attempts to visualize how Tenochtitlan may have looked and functioned before the Spanish invasion. This usually assumed barbaric society with a culture of sacrificing thousand...
in Dreaming of Dry Land
June 2014; p ublished online September 2014 .
Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 11609 words.
In the lacustrine basin of Mexico, pre-Hispanic technologies of water and wetland ecosystems management had developed at both the city-state and village scales. Village hydraulic and soil...
in The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs
January 2017; p ublished online December 2016 .
Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region; Industrial Archaeology. 4754 words.
This chapter provides a brief discussion of the main themes relevant to historical ecology and how it differs from cultural ecology as used in Mesoamerican archaeology. A historical...