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commune

Overview page. Subjects: History — Sociology.

(in China) A small district of local government; in China the basic unit of agricultural organization and rural local government from 1958 to about 1978. Cooperatives were formed when the...

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commune

Edited by T. F. Hoad.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

January 1996; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of English. 39 words.

in France, territorial division XVIII; (hist.) commonalty, corporation XIX. — F. commune, earlier †comugne — medL. commūnia,

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commune

Edited by Craig Calhoun.

in Dictionary of the Social Sciences

January 2002; p ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Sciences. 87 words.

Generally, a group of people larger than a family who live together and hold productive property in common. Communes take

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commune

in New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary

January 2012; p ublished online May 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 98 words.

afternoon, attune, autoimmune, baboon, balloon, bassoon, bestrewn, boon, Boone, bridoon, buffoon, Cameroon, Cancún, cardoon, cartoon, Changchun, cocoon, commune,

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commune

in Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes

January 2007; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Language Reference. 98 words.

afternoon, attune, autoimmune, baboon, balloon, bassoon, bestrewn, boon, Boone, bridoon, buffoon, Cameroon, Cancún, cardoon, cartoon, Changchun, cocoon, commune,

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Communes

George Holmes.

in The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

January 2002; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (European). 625 words.

The commune (Italian comune) was a self-governing, quasi-republican city. As an institutional form it became common in the 10th

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Communes

Bonnie G. Smith.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 1529 words.

Women have participated in the formation and governance of communes—also known as voluntary communities or intentional communities—for centuries. In general,

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Communes

Chris Wickham.

in Sleepwalking into a New World

June 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 5956 words.

This book examines the rise of Italian city communes in the twelfth century. Focusing on the cities of Milan, Pisa, and Rome, it explores real social and political differences in the...

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commune

Overview page. Subjects: History — Sociology.

(in China) A small district of local government; in China the basic unit of agricultural organization and rural local government from 1958 to about 1978. Cooperatives were formed when the...

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Communes

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam.

in The Sleep of Behemoth

February 2013; p ublished online August 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 15052 words.

This chapter considers how churchmen came to terms with communes during the twelfth century. Communal charters and accounts of uprising suggest that communards used the vocabulary of...

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commune

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(in Europe) A medieval western European town which had acquired specific privileges by purchase or force. The privileges might include a charter of liberties, freedom to elect councils,...

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commune <i>v</i>

David Crystal.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

March 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Shakespeare Studies and Criticism. 8 words.

m ˈkɒmjǝn, kǝˈmju:n

sp common1, commune4

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Paris Commune

Carolyn J. Eichner.

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945). 568 words.

The Paris Commune was a short-lived but widely influential revolutionary government resulting from a civil war that erupted on 18

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Paris Commune

Carolyn J. Eichner.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 665 words.

The Paris Commune, a seventy‐three‐day‐long revolutionary civil war, erupted in 1871 in the wake of the Franco‐Prussian War as working‐class

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Ius Commune

Cees Van Dam.

in European Tort Law

March 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Civil Law. 20330 words.

This chapter assesses the prospects for a European ius commune — a common European law — particularly in the area of tort law. The idea of a European ius commune based on the fundamentals...

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Ius Commune

Cees van Dam.

in European Tort Law

June 2007; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: EU Law. 16268 words.

This chapter looks at the possibilities and impossibilities of an ius commune, a common European law, particularly in the area of tort law. There has been strong support for discussing the...

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communes loci

M. Winterbottom.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Literature. 223 words.

Communes loci (Gk. koinoi topoi), ‘common places’. Traced back as far as *Gorgias (1) and *Protagoras by *Cicero (Brut.46–7), they were ‘arguments that can be transferred to many cases’ (Cic. Inv....

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Ius Commune

James Gordley.

in The Jurists

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Law; Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. 31789 words.

This chapter examines the project of medieval jurists. One part of their enterprise was to apply texts to situations that the texts did not expressly cover. Another was to make sense of...

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Paris Commune

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

(15 March–26 May 1871)

A revolutionary government in Paris. It consisted of 92 members, who defied the provisional government of Thiers and of the National Assembly. The Commune,...

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Commune, Paris (1871)

Robert Tombs.

in The Oxford Companion to Military History

January 2001; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History. 521 words.

The Commune was the revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 27 March to 28 May 1871, although the name

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communes and community

in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 1487 words.

Broadly speaking, the term ‘commune’, compared to ‘community’, usually defines more explicitly structured groups of people, which, in contrast to

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