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elastase

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Medicine and Health.

Serine endopeptidases that will digest various components of extracellular matrix such as elastin and collagen type IV. A range of elastases are known; the pancreatic elastase (EC...

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elastase

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Medicine and Health.

Serine endopeptidases that will digest various components of extracellular matrix such as elastin and collagen type IV. A range of elastases are known; the pancreatic elastase (EC...

See overview in Oxford Index

elastase <i>n.</i>

Elizabeth A. Martin and Tanya A. McFerran.

in A Dictionary of Nursing

May 2017; p ublished online May 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Nursing. 56 words.

an enzyme that breaks down various proteins, including elastin. Pancreatic elastase, secreted by the pancreas, is not degraded in

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elastase <i>n.</i>

Edited by Elizabeth Martin.

in Concise Medical Dictionary

January 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 87 words.

an enzyme that breaks down various proteins including elastin, which has a role in the connective tissue matrix. Pancreatic elastase...

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pro-elastase

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health.

The inactive form (zymogen) in which elastase is secreted; activated by trypsin.

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pro-elastase

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 14 words.

The inactive form (zymogen) in which elastase is secreted; activated by trypsin.

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pro-elastase

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 14 words.

The inactive form (zymogen) in which elastase is secreted; activated by trypsin.

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elastase

John Lackie.

in A Dictionary of Biomedicine

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Clinical Medicine. 55 words.

Serine endopeptidases that will digest various components of extracellular matrix such as *elastin and *collagen type IV. A

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elastase

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 29 words.

An endopeptidase secreted by the pancreas that catalyses hydrolysis of the esters of small neutral amino acids. Secreted as the

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elastase

David A. Bender.

in A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink. 29 words.

An endopeptidase secreted by the pancreas that catalyses hydrolysis of the esters of small neutral amino acids. Secreted as the

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elastase

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 137 words.

historically, any proteinase that hydrolyses elastin. However, the name is now applied to a group of enzymes that vary in

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Neutrophil elastase activity in pulmonary venous blood during lung resection

Yoshinori Nagamatsu, Yasunori Iwasaki, Harutaka Omura, Ryozo Hayashida, Masaki Kashihara, Tatsuya Nishi, Koichi Yoshiyama and Kazuo Shirouzu.

in Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery

September 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine; Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2350 words.

OBJECTIVES

Neutrophil elastase has been reported to play an important role in acute lung injury, which is a major cause of postoperative mortality after...

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Inhibition of Pancreatic Elastase by Sulfated Lipids in the Intestinal Mucosa

Nobuko Ito, Yuriko Iwamori, Kazuo Hanaoka and Masao Iwamori.

in The Journal of Biochemistry

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biochemistry. 0 words.

Sulfated lipids, cholesterol sulfate (CS) and I3SO3-GalCer, are commonly present in the epithelia of the digestive tracts of pigs, humans, rabbits, and rats. CS was the only sulfated lipid...

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<i>Aspergillus fumigatus</i> enhances elastase production in <i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i> co-cultures

Karen Smith, Ranjith Rajendran, Stephen Kerr, David F. Lappin, William G. Mackay, Craig Williams and Gordon Ramage.

in Medical Mycology

September 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Medical Toxicology; Environmental Science; Mycology and Fungi; Veterinary Medicine. 7804 words.

In the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung the presence of bacteria and fungi in the airways promotes an inflammatory response causing progressive lung damage, ultimately leading to high rates of...

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Evolutionary Silencing of the Human Elastase I Gene (<i>ELA1</i>)

Scott D. Rose and Raymond J. MacDonald.

in Human Molecular Genetics

June 1997; p ublished online June 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics. 5340 words.

The human pancreatic elastase I gene is transcriptionally silent, despite the apparent integrity of the structural gene. The transcriptional regulatory sequences necessary and sufficient...

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Elastase substrate specificity tailored through substrate-assisted catalysis and phage display

William Dall'Acqua, Cornelia Halin, Maria L. Rodrigues and Paul Carter.

in Protein Engineering, Design and Selection

November 1999; p ublished online November 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Proteins. 5414 words.

The catalytic histidine of human neutrophil elastase was replaced with alanine (H57A) to determine if a substrate histidine could substitute for the missing catalytic...

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Semen granulocyte elastase: its relevance for the diagnosis and prognosis of silent genital tract inflammation

B. Zorn, I. Virant-Klun and H. Meden-Vrtovec.

in Human Reproduction

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Reproductive Medicine. 5664 words.

Elastase–inhibitor complex was assessed by immunoassay in the seminal plasma of 312 men attending the outpatient infertility clinic. Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...

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Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLP) concentrations in seminal plasma: SLPI restores sperm motility reduced by elastase.

A Moriyama, K Shimoya, A Kawamoto, K Hashimoto, I Ogata, I Kunishige, K Ohashi, C Azuma, F Saji and Y Murata.

in MHR: Basic science of reproductive medicine

October 1998; p ublished online October 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Reproductive Medicine. 0 words.

In this study, we quantified secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) and elastase in ejaculates from normal donors and infertile patients with or without leukospermia and investigated...

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Trypsin, elastase, plasmin and MMP-9 activity in the serum during the human ageing process

Leszek Paczek, Wanda Michalska and Irena Bartlomiejczyk.

in Age and Ageing

May 2008; p ublished online March 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine. 3636 words.

Objective: the aim of this work was to define the influence of the ageing process on the activity of proteolytic enzymes, such as trypsin, elastase, plasmin and active MMP-9...

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Nonencapsulated <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> resists extracellular human neutrophil elastase- and cathepsin G-mediated killing

Dieke van der Windt, Hester J. Bootsma, Peter Burghout, Christa E. van der Gaast-de Jongh, Peter W.M. Hermans and Michiel van der Flier.

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology

December 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Journal Article. 1782 words.

Abstract

Although the Streptococcus pneumoniae polysaccharide capsule is an important virulence factor, ∼ 15% of carriage isolates are nonencapsulated....

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Local Impairment of Anti–Neutrophil Elastase Capacity in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Catherine Greene, Clifford Taggart, Gregory Lowe, Paula Gallagher, Noel McElvaney and Shane O’Neill.

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

September 2003; p ublished online September 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Infectious Diseases; Immunology; Public Health and Epidemiology; Microbiology. 5381 words.

Protease-antiprotease balance in 17 patients with unilateral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) was characterized (day 6±0.8). Levels and activities of α-1 antitrypsin (A1AT), secretory...

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