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microwave radiometer

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(MWR)

An instrument flown on spacecraft for atmospheric studies. The MWR on the European Space Agency's Envisat is used to measure atmospheric humidity, as well as soil moisture,...

See overview in Oxford Index

microwave radiometer

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(MWR)

An instrument flown on spacecraft for atmospheric studies. The MWR on the European Space Agency's Envisat is used to measure atmospheric humidity, as well as soil moisture,...

See overview in Oxford Index

microwave radiometer

E. Julius Dasch.

in A Dictionary of Space Exploration

January 2005; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 44 words.

An instrument flown on spacecraft for atmospheric studies. The MWR on the European Space Agency's Envisat is used to measure

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microwave radiometer

Edited by Stephen O'Meara and E. Julius Dasch.

in A Dictionary of Space Exploration

P ublished online July 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 47 words.

An instrument flown on spacecraft for atmospheric studies. The MWR on the European Space Agency's *Envisat is used to measure atmospheric humidity, as well as soil moisture, and ice...

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advanced microwave scanning radiometer

Edited by Stephen O'Meara and E. Julius Dasch.

in A Dictionary of Space Exploration

P ublished online July 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 29 words.

A dual polarized, conical scanning, remote-sensing instrument created at *JAXA that operates on Earth-orbiting satellites at six frequencies ranging from 6.925 to 89.0 GHz....

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Smoot, George Fitzgerald III (1945–)

Ian Ridpath.

in A Dictionary of Astronomy

January 2012; p ublished online January 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 96 words.

In the 1970s he began to design and build instruments known as differential microwave radiometers (DMRs) to detect

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<i>Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity</i>

Edited by Stephen O'Meara and E. Julius Dasch.

in A Dictionary of Space Exploration

P ublished online July 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 162 words.

*European Space Agency *Earth Explorer Mission satellite using a *microwave radiometer to capture images of ‘brightness temperature’, which correspond to microwave radiation emitted from ...

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Microwave Humidity Sensor

Storm Dunlop.

in A Dictionary of Weather

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Environmental Science. 46 words.

A five-channel, microwave scanning radiometer carried by MetOp satellites. It is particularly suitable for the detection of humidity at various

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carbon-fibre reinforced plastic

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(CFRP)

A lightweight but extremely stiff plastic material that expands very little when heated. It has been used to construct spacecraft instruments, such as the microwave...

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profiler

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

A Doppler radar designed to determine the velocities and directions of winds throughout the air column above its site, and thus to derive a vertical wind profile. In addition, such...

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advanced microwave sounder unit

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

(AMSU)

A system of three separate instruments used on Earth-observation satellites, such as NOAA-15 launched by NASA in 1998 for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...

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Microwave Humidity Sensor

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

(MHS)

A five-channel, microwave scanning radiometer carried by MetOp satellites. It is particularly suitable for the detection of humidity at various altitudes, variations in cloud...

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Initial Joint Polar System

Overview page. Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

(IJPS)

A cooperative agreement between Eumetsat and NOAA for the replacement of the current series of morning NOAA satellites by an improved European system, the Eumetsat Polar...

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George Fitzgerald III Smoot

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1945– )

Americanastrophysicist and cosmologist. In the 1970s he began to design and build instruments known as differential microwave radiometers (DMRs) to detect and measure very...

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Robert Henry Dicke

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(1916–97)

Americanphysicist and astronomer. In 1961 he suggested that the gravitational constant varies with time (see Brans–Dicke Theory). In 1964, with the Canadian-born American...

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Indian Remote-Sensing Satellite

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(IRS)

Any of a series of eight remote-sensing satellites built in India and launched between 1988 and 1999. The early ones were placed in orbit by the USSR (later Russia). IRS-1A w...

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Cosmic Background Explorer

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A NASA satellite launched in 1989 November to map the cosmic microwave background (CMB). It carried three sets of instruments: a group of three Differential Microwave Radiometers (DMRs) to...

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Faraday rotation as a diagnostic of Galactic foreground contamination of cosmic microwave background maps

Patrick Dineen and Peter Coles.

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 5656 words.

Abstract

We present a diagnostic test of possible Galactic contamination of cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky maps designed to provide an independent...

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Phase correlations in cosmic microwave background temperature maps

Peter Coles, Patrick Dineen, John Earl and Dean Wright.

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

May 2004; p ublished online May 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 9759 words.

Abstract

We study the statistical properties of spherical harmonic modes of temperature maps of the cosmic microwave background. Unlike other studies, which...

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Chang'e

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

A series of Moon probes launched by the China National Space Administration, named after a Chinese Moon goddess. Chang'e 1 was a lunar orbiter, launched 2007 October. It made a...

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Advanced Earth-Observing Satellite

Overview page. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(ADEOS)

A Japanese remote-sensing satellite launched on 17 August 1996. It gathered data on climate change, the environment, and land and ocean processes. On 30 June 1997, ADEOS...

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