Dumas, Francois Ernest (1837 - 1901), Entrepreneur, Union Army Officer, Political Figure, Community Activist
in African American National Biography
January 2006 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 1658 words.
businessman, Civil War veteran, and Reconstruction politician, was the son of the influential Creole New Orleanian Joseph Dumas, one of the owners of the Dumas Brothers French Quarter...
in Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition
January 2005 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: History. 6360 words.
In 1948, as a result of President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9981, the military became the first major American institution to undertake racial integration. Although the military...