Book

A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780199211944
Published online January 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191726613 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780199211944.001.0001
A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

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aa

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 3 words.

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AABW

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 5 words.

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AAC

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 4 words.

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Aalenian

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 19 words.

A stage in the European Middle Jurassic (175.6–171.6 Ma, Int. Commission on Stratigraphy, 2004). See also dogger.

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AAV

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 4 words.

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Ab

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 4 words.

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abandoned channel

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 15 words.

A former stream channel through which water no longer flows (e.g. a cut-off).

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abandonment facies association

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 24 words.

A facies association formed under conditions of rising sea level, when clastic deposition has ceased and sediment is deposited very

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abapical

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 10 words.

A directional term meaning away from the shell apex.

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abaptation

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 60 words.

The process by which an organism is fitted to its environment as a consequence of the characters it inherits, which

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Abbé refractometer

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 4 words.

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abiogenesis

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 47 words.

Development of living organisms from non-living matter; as in the supposed origin of life on Earth, or in the concept

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abiotic

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 7 words.

Non-living; devoid of life. Compare biotic.

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ablation

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 91 words.

1 Removal of snow and ice by melting and by direct alteration from the solid to the gaseous phase (sublimation).

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ablation till

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 7 words.

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ablation zone

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 4 words.

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aboral

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 15 words.

Away from the mouth; on the opposite side of the body from the mouth.

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abrasion

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 51 words.

The erosive (see erosion) action that occurs when rock particles of varying size are dragged over or hurled

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abrasion ramp

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 58 words.

A gentle, seaward slope, with a gradient of approximately 1∘, in an intertidal shore platform that is caused by wave

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absolute age

Edited by MICHAEL ALLABY.

in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences

January 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography. 74 words.

The age of a geologic phenomenon measured in present Earth years, rather than its age relative to other geologic phenomena

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