Book

The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

Michael Crawford

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780813034706
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813038346 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813034706.001.0001
The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

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1767

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 908 words.

Thomas Nicholson (1715–1780), a prominent landowner, merchant, Quaker missionary, and author in Perquimans County addressed an open letter to his co-religionists a year before the Western...

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1768–1773

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 1149 words.

This chapter presents extracts from the Minutes of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting from 1768 to 1773. The 1768 Meeting advised “all friends to be careful not to buy or Sell in any Case,...

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1772–1773

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 3595 words.

George Walton seems to have used dreams to help make or confirm life-altering decisions. Such a practice was characteristic of Quakers in particular in the late eighteenth and early...

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1772–1773

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 553 words.

It was standard practice among Friends when confronting difficult and controversial decisions to wait for the guidance of the Holy Spirit, to seek consensus within the affected meeting, and...

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1774

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 4434 words.

In April 1974, Thomas Newby, a prominent Quaker and member of the yearly meeting's Standing Committee, expressed his “uneasiness” to the Perquimans monthly meeting about owning slaves and...

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1774–1775

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 490 words.

This chapter presents extracts from the Minutes of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting of 1774 and 1775. The 1774 Meeting expressed “all friends that find themselves under a burden and...

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1775–1777

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 7706 words.

George Walton played a leading role not only in the movement to persuade Friends to free their slaves but also in the confrontation with North Carolina's government that the manumissions...

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1776

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 646 words.

Thomas Newby, who owned fourteen slaves, was one of the wealthiest men in Perquimans County in 1775. When Newby freed ten of his slaves on 3 March 1776, he had been contemplating the move...

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1776–1789

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 2987 words.

The North Carolina Yearly Meeting set up a formal process for persuading individual Quaker slaveholders to set their slaves free. It indicated that many Friends found the decision to let go...

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1777

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 723 words.

Thomas Newby filed a petition to the county court for permission to free a slave called Hannah as she had “grown old.” The terms of the 1776 manumission and the circumstances of the 1777...

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1777

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 809 words.

Suspicious of the Quakers' Loyalist leanings and fearful of slave rebellion, the North Carolina government reacted in alarm when Friends began setting slaves free and introduced a law...

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1777

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 1387 words.

The North Carolina Yearly Meeting's Standing Committee believed that the new law should apply only to slaves set free after the Act to Prevent Domestic Insurrections was passed. The...

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1777

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 578 words.

The Standing Committee of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting believed it was important to promulgate the true motives behind the manumissions. In their October 1777 assembly, the yearly...

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1777–1778

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 519 words.

This chapter presents an Account of Sale of Negroes Sold at Hertford, North Carolina during 1777–1778. The county court sold all manumitted who had been seized to new owners. The yearly...

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1777–1797

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 1418 words.

In 1792, the Standing Committee of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting for the Western Quarter wrote to the Philadelphia Meeting for Sufferings regarding the plight of manumitted persons who...

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1778

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 1287 words.

The superior court of the district of Edenton, in November 1778, heard on appeal the case of the blacks manumitted by North Carolina Quakers and reversed the order of the Pasquotank and...

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1779

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 632 words.

During the 1778–1779 session, a joint committee of the legislature found that “the conduct of the said Quakers in setting their slaves free… was highly criminal and reprehensible,” and the...

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1779

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 1089 words.

In 1779, the yearly meeting responded to the legislature's libel about the Quakers' motives in freeing their slaves by drafting a petition that explained that they had acted on their...

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1779

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 731 words.

Thomas Nicholson wrote a letter in which he harshly rebuked to a man who had informed the state authorities of the identity or location of slaves that Nicholson had privately freed. He...

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1788

Michael J. Crawford.

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden

June 2010; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of the Americas. 516 words.

The yearly meeting regularly sent memorials to the General Assembly seeking a change in the law of manumission that would protect the slaves they set free from re-enslavement. The version...

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