Journal Article

Ammonium Nutrition Enhances Chlorophyll and Glaucousness in Kohlrabi

MICHAEL M. BLANKE, WOLFGANG BACHER, RICHARD J. PRING and EDWARD A. BAKER

in Annals of Botany

Published on behalf of The Annals of Botany Company

Volume 78, issue 5, pages 599-604
Published in print November 1996 | ISSN: 0305-7364
Published online November 1996 | e-ISSN: 1095-8290 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1996.0166
Ammonium Nutrition Enhances Chlorophyll and Glaucousness in Kohlrabi

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  • Ecology and Conservation
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Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var.gongylodes) plants were grown in the greenhouse under autumn conditions and fertilized either with pellets containing nitrogen as 40% ammonium sulphate and 60% urea or with nutrient solution containing nitrogen predominantly as nitrate. Plants given nitrogen as ammonium ions developed glaucous leaves compared to those supplied with nitrate which formed glossy leaves. Ammonium-induced glaucousness was the result of a two-fold increase in the amount of epicuticular wax and a markedly altered fine structure. Leaves from ammonium fertilized kohlrabi plants also showed a 21% increase in chlorophyll content together with a reduction in the chlorophyll a:b ratio and decreased ground state fluorescence compared to plants supplied with nitrate. Photosynthesis and stomatal transpiration were unaffected by the form of supplied nitrogen.

Keywords: Brassica oleracea ; chlorophyll; chlorophyll fluorescence; epicuticular wax; glaucousness; photosynthesis; transpiration

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation ; Evolutionary Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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