Journal Article

Ten-year record of <i>Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii</i> population dynamics: comparison of aquaculture and non-aquaculture sites in the Quoddy Region

Aaron C. Smith, Jennifer L. Martin, James M. Ehrman and Irena Kaczmarska

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 58, issue 2, pages 391-397
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2000.1027
Ten-year record of Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii population dynamics: comparison of aquaculture and non-aquaculture sites in the Quoddy Region

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A long-term plankton monitoring programme resulted in a ten-year record (1988–1997) for bloom timing and magnitude at four sites in the Quoddy Region. Two sites are located in areas removed from salmonid aquaculture operations, whereas two sites were located close to an aquaculture site. However, at one of these, cages were removed in 1994. Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii was detected each spring during the months of April through June. Highest concentrations were observed during 1991 or 1992, with cell concentrations at all four stations two to three times greater than during most other years. This diatom was more variable in its relative contribution to the phytoplankton community at the non-aquaculture locations and rarely exceeded 60% at any of the stations. Trend analysis of relative abundance data revealed significant positive trends only for the two aquaculture sites (Spearman/Lettenmaier test, slopes 1.40% and slope 0.79% yr−1). Concurrently, the aquaculture site located in a sheltered bay also showed a significant negative trend in salinity. The analysis suggests that T. nordenskioeldii has increased its contribution to the phytoplankton community at the sites located near aquaculture activity, one of which also became less saline. These changes may be related to aquaculture activities, although the causative factor(s) is yet unidentified. The trends suggest that this diatom is sensitive to changes in the local environment.

Keywords: aquaculture; diatom; eutrophication; interannual; marine; plankton; population

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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