Journal Article

Feeding habits of wild and escaped farmed Atlantic salmon, <i>Salmo salar</i> L., in the Northeast Atlantic

Jan Arge Jacobsen and Lars Petter Hansen

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 58, issue 4, pages 916-933
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2001.1084
Feeding habits of wild and escaped farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in the Northeast Atlantic

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The stomach contents of 2992 wild and 863 putative escaped farmed Atlantic salmon caught on floating long-lines in a Faroese research fishery in the late autumn (November–December) and winter (February–March) in the Northeast Atlantic (63–66°N and 1–10°W) during three consecutive fishing periods 1992/1993–1994/1995 were analysed. Hyperiid amphipods of the genus Themisto, euphausiids and mesopelagic shrimps are important sources of food for salmon in the autumn period and various mesopelagic fish as lantern fishes, pearlsides and barracudinas become equally important during the late winter period. The occasional presence in the stomachs of larger fish such as herring, blue whiting and mackerel is not considered to be evidence that these fish are a main source of food for salmon in the sea north of the Faroes. The proportion of stomachs containing food was significantly lower during autumn (53%) than during winter (78%). However, temperature-dependent evacuation rates could partly explain the apparent lower stomach content during the autumn, since the average ambient sea-surface temperature is 7°C in autumn compared to 3°C in winter. There was evidence of selective foraging. Fish were preferred over crustaceans, and amphipods were chosen over euphausiids. Large salmon (3+SW) tended to be more piscivorous than smaller fish. There was no difference in condition factor, number and weight proportions of prey, or in diet between wild and escaped farmed salmon, which suggests that escaped farmed salmon adapt well to the “wild” life in the ocean.

Keywords: Atlantic salmon; wild salmon; escaped farmed salmon; feeding; feeding selectivity; diet; Faroes; Norwegian Sea; temperature

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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