Journal Article

Temperature dependent otolith growth of larval and early juvenile Atlantic cod (<i>Gadus morhua</i>)

E. Otterlei, A. Folkvord and G. Nyhammer

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 59, issue 4, pages 851-860
Published in print January 2002 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2002 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2001.1300
Temperature dependent otolith growth of larval and early juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)

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The otolith (lapillus) size–fish size relationship was examined for offspring of two Atlantic cod stocks, reared at different temperatures. Larvae and early juveniles reared at high temperatures (fast growing), had larger otoliths at a given length than fish reared at low temperatures (slow growing). Within a given temperature group, however, faster growing cod tended to have proportionally smaller otoliths, although the difference was not always significant. Moreover, the otolith radius of Norwegian coastal cod was larger, at given fish lengths, compared to that of the northeast Arctic cod. An ontogenetic shift in the allometric otolith size–fish size relationship occurred at onset of metamorphosis (12 mm). Mean daily otolith growth of the lapillus radius increased with increasing temperature from 4 to 14°C and was size dependent and peaked at a larval length of about 25 mm. The radius of the lapillus at hatching was poorly correlated with larval length at day 56 for both stocks, suggesting that the potential for fast growth may not necessarily be reflected in traits present at hatching. The effects of temperature, stock and ontogeny are discussed with regard to the assumption of constant proportionality between otolith growth and fish growth.

Keywords: larval cod; otolith growth; temperature; stock; ontogeny; back-calculation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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